In their glory days, paper stock certificates were mini artworks, embellished with engraved images of eagles, cherubs, Gold Rush miners and sheaves of wheat. Or even sexy Playboy centrefolds.
Today, they're financial-document dinosaurs. In an era of instant electronic stock trading, getting a paper stock certificate is downright difficult.
"It's a bygone era," said Cameron Beck, investment adviser with UBS Financial Services in Sacramento, Calif., who said it's been more than 10 years since a client even asked for a paper certificate.
And when clients do ask, companies like UBS and Charles Schwab charge $500 to handle the transaction.
While most of Wall Street's publicly traded companies will issue paper shares if asked, more than 420 companies -- Apple, Chevron, Intel and Visa -- no longer do. According to the Depository Trust & Clearing Corp., stock trading could be virtually paper-free in three to five years.
But even as paper certificates disappear from the financial world, they live on as specialty gifts and collectibles, whether for sentimental, artistic or history-laden reasons.
Many old certificates are family treasures, harkening to a time when the buyer's name was inked in handwritten flourishes and shares cost as little as 10 cents each. Even the company names are colourful relics of the past: Sawdust Burner Co., Spider & Wasp, Gray Goose Airways.
"They struck a chord with me," said Dick Brothers of Sacramento, a retired state government IT manager, who inherited about 20 turn-of-the-century gold and copper mining company stock certificates from his grandfather. "They're part of our family's history."
Similarly, Bettie Tsuda, a retired state worker, keeps a dilapidated box of 50 paper stock certificates that her grandfather and other immigrant Japanese farmers received for investing with Producers Free Market Inc., a 1930s Sacramento market where her family sold vegetables.
Purchased prior to the Second World War, before many Japanese families were shipped off to internment camps, the shares hold "both sentimental family value and historical value," Tsuda said.
Some hope, only half-jokingly, that Grandpa's vintage stocks just might yield a small fortune.
Leonard Walker, a retired U.S. army sergeant major in Rancho Cordova, Calif., has his father's 1930 paper certificate for 110 shares of Gray Goose Airways, along with a yellowed newspaper clipping about the former Denver company's oddly-shaped, flapping-wing aircraft, called an "ornithopter."
His father, then an unmarried Montana cowboy, spent $11 for his shares, back when you "had to herd a lot of cows" to earn that kind of speculative investing cash.
Now 80, Walker says he researched the stock. "I always hoped that Gray Goose airline had maybe merged with McDonnell Douglas or Boeing in later years," said Walker, "but no such luck."
Similarly, with his father's various mining stocks, Brothers checked every company name with secretary of state offices in Alaska, Nevada, Washington and elsewhere. In every case, the companies were declared "expired," "moribund" or "forfeited for non-payment of taxes."
But even with a long-dead company, there can be collector value in many old stock certificates.
Websites like Scripophily.com and OldStocks.com buy and sell vintage stock and bond certificates. Collectors value them for their artwork, historical significance, company connections or famous signatures, said Bob Kerstein, CEO of Scripophily.com.
The highest price paid on Scripophily: $125,000 for an 1880s Standard Oil Co. certificate signed by John D. Rockefeller. Other rarities include Civil War-era bonds issued by the Confederacy.
Among paper shares on Scripophily's most-wanted list: Playboy stock from the 1970s and '80s that featured a voluptuous engraving of a reclining centrefold.
--The Sacramento Bee