Winnipeg Free Press - ONLINE EDITION

Wreath to honour British Home Children

  • Print

A century ago, Great Britain’s poorest children were shipped off to work in Canada and when they were called to serve during the First World War, more than 4,000 answered. Nearly a quarter of them were killed.

Now, for the first time, the war service of the British Home Children is being honoured this Remembrance Day with a wreath laid at the National War Memorial in Ottawa.

Between 1868 and the 1930s, more than 100,000 destitute children in Great Britain were shipped off to Canada. An estimated two-thirds of the Home Children, as they were known, were under the age 14.

One of them was Winnipeg’s Charles Reaper — the last survivor of the historic Battle of Vimy Ridge. He died in 2003 in Winnipeg, at the age of 103. On Monday in Ottawa, he will be remembered with the other British Home Children and their descendants who served Canada.

"I think it’s great," said Winnipeg’s Roberta Horrox. Her grandfather, James Towner, was an orphan plucked off the streets of London and sent to Canada in 1900 at age 10. He was taken in by the Barnardo Society in London with his sister, Florence, and younger brother, George. The Bernardo Society was one of 50 "child-saving" organizations in Victorian England that sent children to build its colonies in places such as Canada at that time, said Horrox.

In Manitoba, at the Barnardo Industrial Farm near Russell, more than 1,660 British kids were trained as agricultural workers from 1888 to 1907.

Thousands more were sent to work on Manitoba farms where, in the late 1800s, there was a huge demand for labourers, especially at harvest time.

When Towner became a man and war broke out, he wanted to serve, said Horrox, a Winnipeg history buff.

"My grandfather tried to join but his feet were too crippled."

Many of the British Home Children did serve, she said.

"A lot signed up right at the beginning of the war," said Horrox. It may have been so they could return to England and look for family members or because they felt they had nothing to lose or nobody who cared about them, she said. Close to one-quarter who fought for their new country, Canada, didn’t survive the First World War, she said.

"Nobody knows why so many went or why so many were lost."

The Ontario East British Home Child Family organization is sponsoring the Remembrance Day wreath. The organization says its mission is to "give a voice to all the British Home Children who walked silently among us."

The Canadian government has never apologized for that sad chapter in this country’s immigration history, said Horrox. A petition calling on the federal government to issue an apology is being prepared to present to Immigration Minister Chris Alexander, she said.

carol.sanders@freepress.mb.ca

Fact Check

Fact Check

Have you found an error, or know of something we’ve missed in one of our stories?
Please use the form below and let us know.

* Required
  • Please post the headline of the story or the title of the video with the error.

  • Please post exactly what was wrong with the story.

  • Please indicate your source for the correct information.

  • Yes

    No

  • This will only be used to contact you if we have a question about your submission, it will not be used to identify you or be published.

  • Cancel

Having problems with the form?

Contact Us Directly
  • Print

You can comment on most stories on winnipegfreepress.com. You can also agree or disagree with other comments. All you need to do is be a Winnipeg Free Press print or e-edition subscriber to join the conversation and give your feedback.

You can comment on most stories on winnipegfreepress.com. You can also agree or disagree with other comments. All you need to do is be a Winnipeg Free Press print or e-edition subscriber to join the conversation and give your feedback.

Have Your Say

New to commenting? Check out our Frequently Asked Questions.

Have Your Say

Comments are open to Winnipeg Free Press print or e-edition subscribers only. why?

Have Your Say

Comments are open to Winnipeg Free Press Subscribers only. why?

The Winnipeg Free Press does not necessarily endorse any of the views posted. By submitting your comment, you agree to our Terms and Conditions. These terms were revised effective April 16, 2010.

letters

Make text: Larger | Smaller

LATEST VIDEO

Weather for final Fringing weekend

View more like this

Photo Store Gallery

  • MIKE DEAL / WINNIPEG FREE PRESS 060711 Chris Pedersen breeds Monarch butterflies in his back yard in East Selkirk watching as it transforms from the Larva or caterpillar through the Chrysalis stage to an adult Monarch. Here an adult Monarch within an hour of it emerging from the Chrysalis which can be seen underneath it.
  • A monarch butterfly looks for nectar in Mexican sunflowers at Winnipeg's Assiniboine Park Monday afternoon-Monarch butterflys start their annual migration usually in late August with the first sign of frost- Standup photo– August 22, 2011   (JOE BRYKSA / WINNIPEG FREE PRESS)

View More Gallery Photos

Poll

Do you like Gord Steeves’ idea to sell four city-owned golf courses to fund road renewal?

View Results

View Related Story

Ads by Google