Winnipeg Free Press - PRINT EDITION

Birthplace of the resistance

St. Norbert church had key role in Métis uprising

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Not far from where two rivers meet sits a historic parish community that is often -- and proudly -- referred to as the place where Manitoba began.

The community of St. Norbert is teeming with storied treasures, legend, drama and history. Its monuments, church, chapel, streets, parks, monastery and more tell the story of one of Manitoba's earliest Métis communities. It is a story that places the parish firmly at the centre of a larger story, the creation of the province of Manitoba.

The parish was founded in 1857. It came about, says parish member Roger Dubois, because it was an important trading point with the aboriginal people.

"There already was quite a large group of people around here since the early 1800s because of our fork where the Rivière La Salle ends up in the Rivière Rouge."

The first St. Norbert Church was a log building built on the banks of the Red River. A second, larger church was built there in 1883 but it burned down in 1929. The third and current church was built in 1937.

The Métis concern for future rights in 1869 put the community and its parish priest, Father Noel-Joseph Ritchot, at the centre of the resistance, which led to the creation of the province. It was in the original log church, at a public meeting, that the Métis formed the Comité National des Métis with Louis Riel as secretary.

The group set up a barrier across the Pembina Trail crossing on the La Salle River to keep out the Canadian faction.

A chapel, Notre Dame du Bon-Secours, was built, "after the events of La Barrière when a group of surveyors had been sent by (John A. Macdonald) to survey the land -- even though Canada did not yet have title to the land, and had not talked to anybody here, because it seems they were simply deemed to be a bunch of savages," says Dubois.

The tiny outdoor chapel, one of only a few remaining in Manitoba, was built by Ritchot and his parishioners in 1875 and dedicated to the Blessed Virgin Mary for the protection granted during the 1869-70 resistance.

Dubois leads the way through the large and beautiful church to reveal the original paintings done by Constantin Nicolas Tauffenbach that once lined the chapel ceiling.

Tauffenbach, who was born in France, moved to Manitoba in 1884 and is also known for his work on the altars of the Roman Catholic church in Lorette and portraits of Ritchot and Métis fur trader Pierre Falcon among others.

The paintings were deteriorating, says Dubois, and were redone by Saint-Geneviève artist Robert Freynet. It is those paintings that are in the present chapel.

Ritchot played a key role in the negotiations that led to Manitoba's existence as a province. He also helped build a church, convent, rectory, chapel and orphanage and was responsible for the establishment of the nearby Trappist monastery, the ruins of which now grace a provincial heritage park.

To view the church, call: 204-223-5499.

If you'd like to see a place of worship or artist featured here, contact:

Republished from the Winnipeg Free Press print edition November 9, 2013 D17


Updated on Saturday, November 9, 2013 at 10:11 AM CST: light editing

1:00 PM: fixed photo cutline

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