Winnipeg Free Press - PRINT EDITION
Posted: 05/15/2013 1:00 AM | Comments: 0
Canada's National Microbiology Laboratory in Winnipeg has a sample of the new coronavirus that is causing infections in a number of countries, most notably Saudi Arabia.
Scientific director Dr. Frank Plummer says the lab obtained the virus from the Erasmus Medical Centre in Rotterdam, the Netherlands.
The Dutch lab was the one that first identified the new virus last June in a sample from a Saudi man who had died of a mysterious illness.
Plummer says the coronavirus arrived at the Winnipeg facility on May 4.
The lab is growing up stocks of the virus and will use it to assess diagnostic tests being used in Canada, he says.
As well, Winnipeg scientists plan to do some work to see which animal species can be infected with the virus.
That research will be done in conjunction with the Canadian Food Inspection Agency's national lab and the National Centre for Foreign Animal Diseases. The animal lab is housed in the same complex as the National Microbiology Laboratory.
The Winnipeg lab made diagnostic tests months ago based on genetic-sequence data of the new virus. Those tests have been in the hands of provincial labs since last fall, Plummer says.
To date about a handful of people have been tested for the infection in Canada, but all the tests have come back negative.
But having the actual virus to work with will allow the Winnipeg scientists to start developing a blood test to look for past infection with the virus, Plummer says.
"Having the actual virus... allows you to develop antibody tests which are pretty key for a diagnosis of viral infections," he says.
"The virus is only there for a short period of time so you can't really tell whether somebody had a past infection or not, whereas antibodies allow you to do that."
New confirmed cases of the virus have been emerging almost daily from what appears to be a large and potentially ongoing outbreak in eastern Saudi Arabia, near the Persian Gulf.
That outbreak reportedly started in a hospital, but it's not clear whether all the cases are linked to the hospital anymore or whether some spread in the community is occurring.
The information released by Saudi officials has been sparse and generally has not indicated whether individuals infected by the virus are members of the same family -- which might suggest limited human-to-human spread -- or unrelated individuals. The latter pattern of infections might suggest the virus is spreading more easily among people.
Plummer says the situation is concerning, though he noted he is always worried when a new virus begins to infect people.
"There are certainly a lot of questions about this virus. And because the information coming out has been a little bit... hazy, it's really hard to know what actually has been done and what's known," he said.
On Tuesday, the Saudi Ministry of Health reported it has confirmed infections in two health-care workers -- identified by some news outlets as nurses.
With those two additional cases, the global case count rises to 40, with at least 20 deaths. Most of those cases have occurred in Saudi Arabia, though Jordan, Qatar and the United Arab Emirates have also reported cases. France, Britain and Germany have had imported infections, and in the case of Britain and France, secondary spread from the imported cases.
To date, Saudi Arabia has confirmed 31 cases with at least 15 deaths.
During the 2003 SARS outbreak, the virus got a real foothold in hospitals, spreading among health-care workers and their patients.
Experts who have been watching this new virus -- which is a member of the same family as the SARS coronavirus -- have been worrying this SARS cousin will follow the same path.
-- The Canadian Press
Republished from the Winnipeg Free Press print edition May 15, 2013 B1
Have you found an error, or know of something we’ve missed in one of our stories? Please use the form below and let us know.
Having problems with the form?Contact Us Directly
Fontaine rushed to hospital before her disappearance
Specially trained dogs enter province's fight against invasive zebra mussels
Wasylycia-Leis in command: poll
Steeves denies asking Bowman not to run
Bombers QB ready to play despite banging throwing hand
Bowman says Steeves should take own advice on dropping out of race
Steeves wants to make panhandling at intersections illegal
West Hawk Inn damaged by fire
Key of Bart - Evil Las Vegas
PUB to MPI: Give us what we want
Quebec agrees to proceed with energy strategy
You can lead the coarse, but you can't make 'em think
Rollover near Birch River proves fatal
It's time for election signs
Mint unveils new Superman coin collection
Winnipeg lab created, tested Ebola drug ZMapp
Juno Award-winning Jason Plumb, formerly of the Waltons, to play at News Café
Manitoba records first West Nile case of the year
Crown seeks 20-year parole ban in killing
Washington city fights to keep legal marijuana out
Arrest made in Point Douglas homicide
Stewart says Ward's death will affect him forever
At least 24 trapped in mine landslide in Nicaragua
Brazilian club promises to punish racist fans
Cee Lo Green enters no contest plea in drug case
Mix of sun and rain for Labour Day weekend
Four arrested following drug bust in Transcona
Man in unstable condition after being assaulted on Henry Avenue
New school zone speed limits in effect Monday
Paul Gross movie seeks local extras of Afghan, Pakistani descent
Lost man lived on all-dressed chips, rainwater
Labour Council picnic to celebrate workers
Surrounding construction costs feline rescue centre $20K
Domestic dispute deadly: police
Ex-Bison admits PED use
Ebola arrives in Senegal as outbreak accelerates
Malaysia Airlines to cut 6,000 staff in overhaul
Loonie dips, GDP data better than expected
A war for Britain