NEW YORK -- Companies are buying each other again.
This year was shaping up to be one of the biggest for mergers and acquisitions since 2007. Then, on Thursday, two more blockbuster deals were announced: an $11-billion merger between American Airlines and US Airways, and a $23-billion takeover of ketchup maker H.J. Heinz Co. by a group including billionaire Warren Buffett.
Conditions seem ripe for more deals. Financing for them has rarely been cheaper with interest rates near record lows. And companies have plenty of cash for acquisitions-- nearly $1 trillion for those in the Standard and Poor's 500 index.
Another reason to expect more buying: After years of cutting expenses and squeezing more work out of remaining staff, companies are struggling to grow earnings. In the January-March quarter, they are expected to grow earnings less than one per cent compared with the year earlier, according to FactSet, a financial data provider.
Global merger activity has been tepid since 2007, when $4.6 trillion of deals were announced, according to financial data service Dealogic. Last year's total was $2.7 trillion.
So far this year, $219 billion worth of deals has been announced, compared with $85 billion over the same period in 2012.
These are the biggest recent deals, according to Dealogic:
Health-care company Abbott Laboratories spun off its pharmaceuticals arm to create a new company called AbbVie in January. AbbVie was listed on the New York stock exchange with a value of $56 billion.
Billionaire Warren Buffett and investment firm 3G Capital announced Thursday they are buying the Heinz ketchup company in a deal valued at $23 billion. Buffett has been hunting for elephant-sized deals. At the end of September, he had $47.8 billion cash to finance investments.
The struggling personal computer maker Dell sold itself to founder Michael Dell and a group led by investment firm Silver Lake, in a deal that valued the company at $24 billion. The deal was announced Feb. 5.
American Airlines and Us Airways
An $11-billion tie-up will create the world's biggest airline. US Airways Group CEO Doug Parker, who will run the combined airline, sought a merger almost as soon as American parent AMR Corp. filed for bankruptcy protection in November 2011.
Freeport-Mcmoran Copper & Gold
The Phoenix-based miner said in December that it was buying Plains Exploration & Production Co. in a bid to become a natural-resources conglomerate. The company is paying $17.2 billion for the oil and gas exploration company.
-- The Associated Press