TORONTO -- When Canada's premiers sit down Thursday for their semi-annual summit, they'll be making history by changing the face of provincial and territorial leadership.
For the first time, there will be six women at the meeting in Niagara-on-the-Lake, Ont., representing about 85 per cent of the country's population. And at the head of the table will be Kathleen Wynne, who was sworn in as Ontario's first woman premier just six months ago.
It's more than a photo op for the history books, she said.
"I was just talking to a grandmother who was saying her granddaughter wants to be the prime minister," Wynne said in an interview.
"The fact is that it's very important that people see themselves represented and that 50 per cent of the population is sitting at the table, better represented. It's a very good thing."
It matters because it signals to the public that women are capable of holding high public office on equal footing with men, said Jane Arscott, a professor at Athabasca University who writes about women in politics.
"We haven't seen that before," she said. "It will shift in our minds our sensibility about who can lead and how they will do it."
But the appearance of gender equality can be deceiving, experts say. Even though six provinces and territories are led by women, female representation hasn't improved in the legislatures, said Christine de Clercy, a politics professor at the University of Western Ontario.
In fact, studies suggest the gains made over the last 30 years have pretty much stopped, she said. The number of women in legislatures across Canada has reached a glass ceiling, she said.
"This might be a little bit of a historical hiccup we have: an unusual set of circumstances where we have lots of women premiers, but this is not some new harbinger of a better, more equal political environment," she said.
"In fact, it's just a quirk, and it might lead people to overestimate representation of women which... in Canada, compared to many other countries, is still relatively poor."
For Alberta Premier Alison Redford, it's more about the new faces than the female ones.
"I'm pretty excited about the Council of the Federation, not because we have so many new women leaders, but because we have so many new leaders," she said.
Some, like British Columbia Premier Christy Clark, have been given a new mandate to govern by winning a general election, Redford said.
"I think there's going to be incredible dynamism because we have passionate leaders around the table that have exciting visions for the future," she said.
It's difficult to say whether the new wave of female premiers will shift the tone of the talks, said Arscott.
"I would expect the discussion to be a little bit different in how the meeting is conducted, just because there may be more pauses for people to be able to express their opinions," she said.
Newfoundland and Labrador Premier Kathy Dunderdale said the dynamics have changed since her first meeting several years ago, when she and Nunavut Premier Eva Aariak were the only women in attendance.
-- The Canadian Press