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Manitoba second for highest rate of advanced kidney disease

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Manitoba has the second highest rate of advanced kidney disease in the country, while the median wait here for a kidney transplant — 5.1 years — is second longest in the nation.

Those sobering stats are contained in a new report from the Canadian Institute for Health Information (CIHI), released this afternoon.

It said only Newfoundland and Labrador has a higher incidence of end-stage renal disease (ESRD) than Manitoba.

Meanwhile, from 2009 to 2011, only British Columbians had a longer median wait for a deceased-donor kidney transplant than did Manitobans — 5.4 years as opposed to 5.1 years. The national average median wait time for such transplants was 3.8 years. Saskatchewan had the lowest wait time at 2.3 years.

In a companion report released this afternoon, CIHI said aboriginal people are three times as likely to seek treatment for kidney failure or end-stage renal disease as other Canadians. And aboriginal patients with ESRD are less likely to receive kidney transplants (27% versus 42%).

However, aboriginal people who do receive a new kidney have survival rates similar to others in Canada (84% at five years), according to the report.

By contrast, aboriginal patients who undergo dialysis have a lower survival rate after five years (40% versus 45%).

In all, more than 40,000 Canadians are living with end-stage renal failure — roughly one out of every 1,000 people.

The condition’s higher prevalence among aboriginal people is consistent with the higher rates of diabetes and obesity in these populations, CIHI said.

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