OTTAWA -- Wealth does not come easily or often in Manitoba.
New figures released last week by Statistics Canada showed Manitobans are a small group among the richest one per cent of Canadians. There were 254,730 Canadians in 2010 in the top one per cent of income earners who filed a tax return with Revenue Canada. They all earned at least $201,400 that year.
Manitobans account for about 3.5 per cent of the population, but just two per cent, or 5,305 individuals, of the country's richest people.
Saskatchewan, the province with which Manitoba has most often had the most in common, saw its share of the country's richest one per cent exceed Manitoba's in recent years, with 5,490 among the elite wage earners.
Saskatchewan's rich also earn more than Manitoba's, with the median income of the wealthiest group there at $279,800, compared to $276,600 in Manitoba.
The gap between the rich and everyone else in Manitoba, as in other provinces, is also getting wider. In 1982, the median income of the one-percenters in Manitoba was $183,100 (adjusted to the equivalent of 2010 dollars). That was nearly eight times the $23,800 median income of the rest of Manitoba income earners, and 15 times the median income of the bottom 50 per cent.
Fast forward to 2010, and the median income of the one per cent in Manitoba of $276,600 is nearly 10 times the $28,200 median income of the rest of Manitobans, and is almost 20 times the median income of the bottom 50 per cent.
Those changes almost mirror the national picture, as the median income of the top one per cent in Canada in 1982 was seven times higher than the other 99 per cent, and in 2010 it was 10 times as much.
Provincially, Manitobans in the top one per cent of Canada's income earners brought home 6.3 per cent of the total amount of income earned in Manitoba in 2010, up from 4.5 per cent in 1982.
The wealthiest Canadians do more than carry their weight paying taxes, as the top Canadian earners accounted for more than one-fifth of the total provincial and federal income taxes paid in 2010.
In Manitoba, the top earners accounted for 13.2 per cent of all the federal and provincial taxes collected in Manitoba in 2010. That is up from 8.9 per cent in 1982.
There is greater parity among women and men when it comes to wealth but women are still lagging. More women than men now report having an income, with 52 per cent of this country's tax filers in 2010 being female, compared to 48 per cent in 1982. However, the share of total income earned by women was just 41.4 per cent in 2010 compared to 31.9 per cent in 1982.
In Manitoba, women account for 52 per cent of taxpayers but 43 per cent of the total income earned. Twenty-eight years earlier, women made up 49 per cent of tax filers, and earned 33.9 per cent of the province's collective income.
Women also now make up nearly one in five of the top one per cent of income earners, compared to just one in 10 in 1982.
So more women are earning money, and more women are among the wealthy, but generally women are still not earning the same amount of money as men.
Portrait of Manitoba one-percenters in 2010 (1982)
Total number: 5,305 (4,210)
81 per cent are male, 19 per cent are female (89.1 per cent male, 10.9 per cent female)
Median income: $276,600 ($86,300)
Share of total income earned: 6.3 per cent (4.5 per cent)
Share of federal/provincial taxes paid: 13.2 per cent (8.9 per cent)
Portrait of Saskatchewan one-percenters in 2010, (1982)
Total number: 5,490 (5,755)
79.2 per cent male, 20.8 per cent female (92.4 per cent male, 7.6 per cent female)
Median income: $279,800 ($85,700)
Share of total income: 7.3 per cent (6.2 per cent)
Share of federal/provincial tax paid: 14.6 per cent (9.3 per cent)
Portrait of Canadian one-percenters in 2010, (1982):
Total number: 254,730 (151,340)
79.1 per cent male, 20.9 per cent female (88.6 per cent male, 11.4 per cent female)
Median income: $283,400 ($90.300)
Share of total income earned: 10.6 per cent (7.1 per cent)
Share of federal/provincial taxes paid: 21.2 per cent (13.4 per cent)
Number of one-percenters by province 2010 (1982)*
Ontario: 110,340 (82,545)
Alberta: 52,155 (23,620)
Quebec: 42,615 (27,420)
British Columbia: 29,535 (19,880)
Saskatchewan: 5,490 (5,755)
Manitoba: 5,305 (4,210)
Nova Scotia: 3,690 (3,070)
New Brunswick: 2,450 (2,035)
Newfoundland: 2,205 (1,125)
Median income of one-percenters, 2010
British Columbia: $280,500
Nova Scotia: $274,500
New Brunswick: $269,300
*PEI figures not available
** adjusted to be in 2010 constant dollars
2010 - Canada, a snapshot (1982)
Total number of tax filers: 25,471,875 (15,133,935)
Percentage of tax filers, men: 48 per cent (52.2 per cent)
Percentage of tax filers, women: 52 per cent (47.8 per cent)
Share of total income, men: 58.6 per cent (68.1 per cent)
Share of total income, women: 41.4 per cent (31.9 per cent)
2010 -- Manitoba, a snapshot (1982)
Total number of tax filers: 898,270 (695,165)
Percentage of tax filers, men: 48.1 per cent (51 per cent)
Percentage of tax filers, women: 51.9 per cent (49 per cent)
Share of total income, men: 57 per cent (66.1 per cent)
Share of total income, women: 43 per cent (33.9 per cent)