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This article was published 14/6/2014 (835 days ago), so information in it may no longer be current.
BAGHDAD -- A Shiite militia seized control of an Iraqi town for the first time Saturday, blunting the advance towards Baghdad of radical Sunni fighters in a sign the widespread mobilization of paramilitary forces may be starting to have an impact.
The first overtly sectarian battle of the new war unfolding for control of Iraq came as thousands of heavily armed Shiites paraded defiantly through the streets of Baghdad, responding to a call to arms from their most revered cleric.
Men young and old piled into taxis, trucks, police vehicles and minibuses and drove noisily through the streets, honking horns and waving an assortment of weapons, including rocket-propelled grenades, high-powered sniper rifles, Kalashnikov assault rifles and handguns.
"Daiish, we will never surrender," chanted a group of young men piled on the back of a pickup truck, using an acronym for the al-Qaida-inspired Islamic State of Iraq and the Levant (ISIS), which carried out a stunningly swift seizure of large swaths of northern Iraq last week.
"We want to show the world that we can protect ourselves," said Khodr al-Tamimi, a turbaned cleric who waved a pistol from the window of his black, armoured sports utility vehicle as it wound through emptied shopping streets. "Wherever they go, we will defeat them," he added, referring to ISIS.
Iraqi soldiers and police sealed off streets and stood guard as the procession of thousands of armed men passed, a humiliating reminder of the extent to which the U.S.-trained security forces have lost stature since the mass desertions across the north that eased the ISIS advance.
Thousands of Shiites flocked for a third straight day to volunteer to fight, crowding recruitment centres set up in mosques, a former airport and at the homes of prominent Shiite clerics and politicians. Their numbers swelled in response to the call to jihad issued Friday by Grand Ayatollah Ali Sistani, regarded as the most influential Shiite cleric in the world. Busloads of people descended on parts of the capital from towns and cities in the south, and the travellers said more buses were on the way.
As U.S. President Barack Obama considered military options to meet Iraq's request for assistance, Defence Secretary Chuck Hagel on Saturday ordered a U.S. aircraft carrier into the Persian Gulf.
The USS George H.W. Bush was expected to arrive in the gulf from the Arabian Sea by Saturday night, along with the guided-missile cruiser USS Philippine Sea and guided-missile destroyer USS Truxtun, Rear Adm. John Kirby, the Pentagon press secretary, said in a statement.
The order to move the ships "will provide the commander-in-chief additional flexibility should military options be required to protect American lives, citizens and interests in Iraq," Kirby said.
An Iraqi general told reporters in Baghdad the armed forces have "regained the initiative" in recent days and are now confident Baghdad is secure. As part of the effort to protect the capital, soldiers headed into the desert to dig a trench, footage on local TV stations showed.
Maj. Gen. Qassim al-Moussawi said the military is co-ordinating with forces in the city of Samarra and other areas north of the capital to retake territory claimed by the insurgents "and have achieved remarkable victories with the help of volunteers."
In the town of Muqdadiyah in Diyala province northeast of Baghdad, residents said the Asaib Ahl al-Haq militia had made the difference and fighters with that Iranian-backed paramilitary movement were in control.
The Iraqi security forces retreated when ISIS fighters swept into the town, repeating a pattern witnessed in numerous Iraqi towns overrun in the past week. The militia then pushed into the town from the south, forced the ISIS fighters back and took control, said a resident who spoke on the condition of anonymity out of fear for his life.
-- The Washington Post