Winnipeg Free Press - PRINT EDITION

Human rights first step to clean air

  • Print

China won't be able to solve its environmental crisis until it respects the human rights of its citizens.

The crisis is severe, as the recent reports from Harbin, a city of 11 million people in northeastern China, indicate. Harbin was shut down by air pollution that was 50 times the level the World Health Organization considers safe. It was so thick, the city's official news site said: "You can't see your own fingers in front of you."

This is just the latest in terrifying stories about the state of the environment in China that surface so frequently these days. And it's not as though the Chinese government is unaware of the problem.

In September, officials from the Chinese government, the United Nations, academic institutions and civil society participated in the sixth annual Beijing Human Rights Forum. The theme of this year's forum was environmental rights. The president of the China Society for Human Rights, a government-sponsored think-tank, announced at the opening, "The pursuit of a clean, beautiful environment is among the most basic of human rights."

The problem, though, is you can't have meaningful environmental rights without other basic rights: access to information, freedom of speech, freedom of assembly, right to health and right to a remedy. Far from recognizing these rights, the Chinese government is violating them, especially in regard to environmental protests.

In August, news accounts from a Tibetan community in Qinghai province in the southwest of China reported protests over illegal Chinese mining activities led to people being gassed and arrested, with dozens injured. In Guangdong province in July and August, bloody clashes over the construction of a waste incinerator led to the detention of protesters, who chanted, "Say no to cancer!" and "Protect the health of future generations!"

In China's estimated 450 "cancer villages" (communities near factories or chemical plants where cancer rates far exceed national averages), residents who petition the local and national government for help or information are often ignored, turned away, harassed or arrested.

In September 2009, parents with lead-poisoned kids were arrested on a bus trip to a local town, where they were headed in the hopes of getting information about their children's health. Chinese authorities defended the detention, saying the punishment was necessary for "public education."

Beijing recently announced a new commitment to addressing environmental degradation in the country, including a plan to curb emissions from coal and other highly polluting sources. But China has lots of strong environmental-protection laws on the books. What is lacking is enforcement -- and the accountability that comes from respecting human rights.

Protecting and restoring clean air, water and soil in China requires a commitment to human rights. Until China makes that commitment, the right to a healthy environment will be hidden in the smoggy skies.


Jane Cohen is a senior researcher in the health and human rights division of Human Rights Watch. She wrote this for the Progressive Media Project, a source of liberal commentary on domestic and international issues


-- McClatchy Tribune News Service

Republished from the Winnipeg Free Press print edition October 29, 2013 A11

Fact Check

Fact Check

Have you found an error, or know of something we’ve missed in one of our stories?
Please use the form below and let us know.

* Required
  • Please post the headline of the story or the title of the video with the error.

  • Please post exactly what was wrong with the story.

  • Please indicate your source for the correct information.

  • Yes

    No

  • This will only be used to contact you if we have a question about your submission, it will not be used to identify you or be published.

  • Cancel

Having problems with the form?

Contact Us Directly
  • Print

You can comment on most stories on winnipegfreepress.com. You can also agree or disagree with other comments. All you need to do is be a Winnipeg Free Press print or e-edition subscriber to join the conversation and give your feedback.

You can comment on most stories on winnipegfreepress.com. You can also agree or disagree with other comments. All you need to do is be a Winnipeg Free Press print or e-edition subscriber to join the conversation and give your feedback.

Have Your Say

New to commenting? Check out our Frequently Asked Questions.

Have Your Say

Comments are open to Winnipeg Free Press print or e-edition subscribers only. why?

Have Your Say

Comments are open to Winnipeg Free Press Subscribers only. why?

The Winnipeg Free Press does not necessarily endorse any of the views posted. By submitting your comment, you agree to our Terms and Conditions. These terms were revised effective April 16, 2010.

letters

Make text: Larger | Smaller

LATEST VIDEO

Mayor Bowman reacts to Caspian investigation

View more like this

Photo Store Gallery

  • A Canada goose flies towards the sun near the Perimeter Highway North and Main St Monday afternoon – See Day 10 for Bryksa’s 30 goose project - May 11, 2012   (JOE BRYKSA / WINNIPEG FREE PRESS)
  • A monarch butterfly looks for nectar in Mexican sunflowers at Winnipeg's Assiniboine Park Monday afternoon-Monarch butterflys start their annual migration usually in late August with the first sign of frost- Standup photo– August 22, 2011   (JOE BRYKSA / WINNIPEG FREE PRESS)

View More Gallery Photos

Poll

Now that former cabinet minister Theresa Oswald has entered the NDP leadership race, do you believe the "gang of five" rebel ministers were right to publicly criticize Premier Greg Selinger's leadership?

View Results

View Related Story

Ads by Google