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A chronology of those who died in August 2012

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Aug. 2

— John Keegan, 78, a British academic whose studies of men at war are counted among the classic works of military history, in Kilmington, England. No cause of death was given.

— Martin Fleischmann, 85, a British chemist, who stunned the world by announcing that he had achieved nuclear fusion in a glass bottle, in Tisbury. He had suffered from Parkinson's disease for many years.

— Mihaela Ursuleasa, 33, an internationally renowned Romanian pianist Mihaela Ursuleasa, in Vienna of a cerebral hemorrhage.

Aug. 5

— Chavela Vargas, 93, who defied gender stereotypes to become one of the most legendary singers in Mexico, in Cuernavaca. She had heart and respiratory problems.

— Sami Rohr, 86, a prominent Jewish philanthropist who was closely involved with the Chabad-Lubavitch movement of Judaism and is said to have given at least $250 million to Jewish causes around the globe, in south Florida. No cause of death was available.

Aug. 6

— Marvin Hamlisch, 68, who composed or arranged the scores for dozens of movies including "The Sting" and the Broadway smash "A Chorus Line," in Los Angeles after a brief illness.

— Bernard Lovell, 98, a pioneering British physicist and astronomer, who developed one of the world's largest radio telescopes exploring particles in the universe, in Manchester. No cause of death was given.

— Robert Hughes, a renowned Australian art critic and historian, in New York after a long illness.

Aug. 7

— Anna Piaggi, 81, an Italian fashion journalist who provided inspiration for designer Karl Lagerfeld and was celebrated for her own eccentric style, in Milan. No cause of death was given.

— Judith Crist, 90, a blunt and popular film critic for the "Today" show, TV Guide and the New York Herald Tribune whose reviews were at times so harsh that director Otto Preminger labeled her "Judas Crist," in New York after a long illness.

— Ranking Trevor, 60, a pioneer of rap reggae during the 1970s, in Kingston, Jamaica in a traffic accident.

Aug. 9

— Mel Stuart, 83 an award-winning film documentarian who also directed "Willy Wonka & the Chocolate Factory," in Los Angeles of cancer.

— Dale Olson, 78, a publicist who represented such Hollywood legends as Marilyn Monroe, Gene Kelly and Alfred Hitchcock, and such current A-listers as Clint Eastwood, Shirley MacLaine and Steven Spielberg, in Burbank, California of cancer.

— Pyotr Fomenko, 80, a renowned Russian stage director who founded one of Moscow's leading theatres, in Moscow. No cause of death was given.

Aug. 10

— Carlo Rambaldi, 86, a special effects master and three-time Oscar winner known as the father of "E.T.: The Extra-Terrestrial," in southern Italy after a long illness.

Aug. 13

— Helen Gurley Brown, 90, the longtime editor of Cosmopolitan magazine whose million selling grab-bag book of advice, opinion and anecdote "Sex and the Single Girl" declared the sexual revolution was no longer just for men and made her a celebrity and a foil for feminists, in New York. No cause of death was given.

Aug. 14

— Charles Maynard, 42, the chairman of the main opposition party in the Bahamas and a former cabinet minister, in North Abaco after an apparent heart attack.

— Svetozar Gligoric, 89, a legendary Serbian and Yugoslav chess grandmaster who was the national champion 12 times and one of the world's top players in the 20th century, in Belgrade of an apparent stoke.

Aug. 15

— Harry Harrison, 87, a prolific American author whose space-age spoofs delighted generations of science fiction fans, in southern England. No cause of death was given.

Aug. 16

— William Windom, 88, a character actor on American television for decades who also played the part of the prosecuting attorney who parries in court with Gregory Peck's Attaicus Finch in the 1962 movie "To Kill a Mocking Bird, in Woodacre, California of congestive heart failure.

Aug. 17

— Patrick Ricard, 67, who transformed a small firm based on his father's anis-flavoured liquor into a global entity with some of the most famous names in alcohol, in Paris. No cause of death was given.

Aug. 18

— Scott McKenzie, 73, a singer who performed "San Francisco (Be Sure to Wear Flowers in Your Hair)" — which became a hit in 1967 during the city's "Summer of Love" —, in Los Angeles. He had Guillain-Barre Syndrome, a disease that affects the nervous system.

Aug. 19

— Tony Scott, 68, director of such Hollywood hits as "Top Gun," and "Days of Thunder," in Los Angeles, jumping from a suspension bridge.

Aug. 20

— Phyllis Diller, 95, an American housewife turned humorist who aimed some of her sharpest barbs at herself, punctuating her jokes with her trademark cackle, and was a staple of night clubs and television for decades, in Los Angeles. No cause of death was released.

— Dom Mintoff, 96, a former Maltese prime minister who was in power when the island nation became a republic and who was known for a confrontational style, taking on Britain, the Roman Catholic church and Western nations for his ties with Libya,China and North Korea, in Malta. No cause of death was given.

Meles Zenawi, 57, Ethiopia's long-time ruler and a major U.S. counter-terrorism ally who is credited with economic gains but blamed for human rights abuses, in Belgium of an undisclosed illness.

Aug. 22

— Nina Bawden, 87, a British author who wrote children's classics including the World War II story "Carrie's War," in London. The cause of death was not disclosed.

Aug. 24

— Sergei Sokolov, 101, the Soviet defence minister fired by the Politburo after a German teenager landed his plane on Moscow's Red Square in the 1980s, in Moscow of undisclosed causes.

Aug. 25

— Neil Armstrong, 82, who commanded the historic landing of the Apollo 11 spacecraft on the moon, July 20, 1969, capping the most daring of the 20th century's scientific expeditions and becoming the first man to take "one giant leap for mankind" with a small step onto the moon, in Cincinnati, Ohio, of complications from heart procedures.

— Juan Valdez, 74, a land grant activist who fired the first shot during a 1967 New Mexico courthouse raid that grabbed international attention and helped spark the Chicano Movement, has died, in Canjilon, New Mexico. He had suffered two heart attacks.

Aug 26

— A. K. Hangal, 95, a veteran Indian actor whose Bollywood career spanned nearly five decades, in India. He had lung and kidney problems.

Aug. 27

— Malcolm Browne, an Associated Press journalist who took pictures of en elderly Buddhist monk in Saigon setting himself on fire in 1963 that appeared on front pages around the world and eventually led to the U.S.-backed South Vietnamese President Ngo Dinh Diem being overthrown and killed along with his brother, Ngo Dinh Nhu, the national security chief, in New Hampshire. He had Parkinson's disease.

— Tomas Sedlacek, 94, a Czech general who fought with the Allies in France, Britain and the Soviet Union during World War II and who later resisted the communist regimes in his own country in Prague. No cause of death was given.

Aug. 28

— Shulamith Firestone, 67 a writer who published her influential "The Dialectic of Sex" at age 25 at the height of the women's liberation movement in the U.S. and then retreated into isolation and mental illness, in New York of natural causes.

Aug. 31

— Max Bygraves, 89, a British entertainer, a veteran singer and comedian known for his old-fashioned charm, in Hope Island, Queensland, Australia. He had Alzheimer's disease.

— Carlo Maria Martini,85, an Italian cardinal who was a rare liberal within the highly conservative Roman Catholic Church hierarchy and was nevertheless considered a papal contender in the last conclave, in Gallarate, Italy. He had been battling Parkinson's disease.

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