The Canadian Press - ONLINE EDITION

Please feed the bears? Scientists say humans could step in to help polar bears

  • Print

EDMONTON - Several top polar bear scientists are considering what might once have seemed unthinkable: please feed the bears.

As sea ice disappears and habitat deteriorates in some polar bear ranges, a newly published paper by 12 of the world's foremost experts suggests it's time to consider how to manage increasingly troubled populations.

One idea? Setting out big piles of polar bear chow on the tundra.

"We just raise it as one of the options," said co-author Andrew Derocher of the University of Alberta.

The study points to the bears around Hudson Bay, one of the most southerly populations and perhaps the most vulnerable to the loss of sea ice, which the animals use as a hunting platform.

A recent government of Nunavut aerial survey suggested bear numbers around the bay are stable, but other studies disagree. They suggest the bears' condition is deteriorating and they aren't producing anywhere near enough cubs.

That makes them highly vulnerable to one bad year, says Derocher's report.

"Annual variability in sea ice makes it increasingly likely that we will soon see a year where sea ice availability for some polar bear populations is below thresholds for vital rates. Malnutrition at previously unobserved scales may result in catastrophic population declines."

How will wildlife managers — and the public — respond to images of dozens of dying polar bears in a world where Russian icebreakers detour to save whales? Derocher asks.

"A stranded sea lion ends up in a recovery facility, fed back up and put back out," he said. "What is it about the Arctic? Is it just too far away for people to care? I don't think so."

The authors suggest tough decisions will have to be made as marginal polar bear ranges decline.

Feeding the bears is only one possible response. Bears could be relocated, temporarily housed until sea ice recovers or culled to bring numbers down to what the environment can support.

"It's going to be extremely messy as these populations move toward local extinction," Derocher said. "I think there's an expectation from the public that we've done all this research, (so) are we going to be prepared when something happens?"

The report has provoked a blizzard of controversy in Nunavut, where the idea of feeding polar bears or interfering with them in any way goes deeply against the Inuit grain.

"The hunters are talking," said Environment Department deputy minister David Akeeagok. "It's disbelief that the wildlife we're accustomed to would be proposed to be fed."

Akeeagok said the first response to a catastrophic year would be to end a 24-bear hunting quota in the western Hudson Bay area. The next, he said, would be to let nature take its course.

"It's not a great sight to see, but it corrects itself," he said.

Akeeagok believes there's little chance of such a wildlife disaster happening any time soon. Bears are adaptable, he said, and there's enough terrain in Nunavut for bears to find a niche to survive.

The falling cub count is disturbing, he admitted.

"There's definitely something happening. It could be a natural cycle; it could be sea ice. To say there's no cubs and they're in danger is premature."

Feeding wild animals is not unknown.

Wildlife managers in central Europe put out food for wild bears. In California, carcasses are set out for condors.

It would not, however, be cheap.

Using figures derived from zoos that keep polar bears, the paper calculates that it could cost nearly $1 million a month to distribute commercial bear chow to the southern Hudson Bay bears.

All management tools bring their own problems. Feeding sites could create vectors for disease or parasites. Ending a feeding program could create more bear-human conflicts.

Derocher said the paper is intended to put the issue before the public. He said the discussion should involve a wide array of participants, including hunters, scientists, Inuit, tourism operators, environmental groups and the general public.

"It's a societal decision."

But a decision is coming.

"The changes are coming a lot faster that we thought," said Derocher. "We're seeing clear indications that populations are getting close to the tipping point."

Fact Check

Fact Check

Have you found an error, or know of something we’ve missed in one of our stories?
Please use the form below and let us know.

* Required
  • Please post the headline of the story or the title of the video with the error.

  • Please post exactly what was wrong with the story.

  • Please indicate your source for the correct information.

  • Yes


  • This will only be used to contact you if we have a question about your submission, it will not be used to identify you or be published.

  • Cancel

Having problems with the form?

Contact Us Directly
  • Print

You can comment on most stories on You can also agree or disagree with other comments. All you need to do is be a Winnipeg Free Press print or e-edition subscriber to join the conversation and give your feedback.

You can comment on most stories on You can also agree or disagree with other comments. All you need to do is be a Winnipeg Free Press print or e-edition subscriber to join the conversation and give your feedback.

Have Your Say

New to commenting? Check out our Frequently Asked Questions.

Have Your Say

Comments are open to Winnipeg Free Press print or e-edition subscribers only. why?

Have Your Say

Comments are open to Winnipeg Free Press Subscribers only. why?

The Winnipeg Free Press does not necessarily endorse any of the views posted. By submitting your comment, you agree to our Terms and Conditions. These terms were revised effective April 16, 2010.


Make text: Larger | Smaller


Jets hope to give fans a good show for first home playoff game in 19 years

View more like this

Photo Store Gallery

  • A red squirrel peaks out of the shade in a tree in East Fort Garry, Sunday, September 9, 2012. (TREVOR HAGAN/WINNIPEG FREE PRESS)
  • A young gosling flaps his wings after taking a bath in the duck pond at St Vital Park Tuesday morning- - Day 21– June 12, 2012   (JOE BRYKSA / WINNIPEG FREE PRESS)

View More Gallery Photos


Do you agree with the sale of the Canadian Wheat Board to foreign companies?

View Results

View Related Story

Ads by Google