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This article was published 13/9/2013 (1175 days ago), so information in it may no longer be current.
NEW DELHI -- An Indian court Friday sentenced four men to death for the gang rape and murder of a young New Delhi woman, ordering them to the gallows for a brutal attack that riveted India, where it became a symbol of the widespread mistreatment of women and the government's inability to deal with crime.
Issuing his decision, Judge Yogesh Khanna said the attack "shocked the collective conscience" of India. "In these times, when crime against women is on the rise, the courts cannot turn a blind eye toward such gruesome crimes."
After the death sentence, the wail of one of the four men, Vinay Sharma, 20, filled the tiny court. Sharma, an assistant at a gym, then broke down in sobs.
As Khanna walked from his bench, defence lawyer A.P. Singh, who has defended all four men at various times, began to shout at him: "This is not the victory of truth. But it is the defeat of justice."
Like all death sentences, Khanna's order must be confirmed by India's High Court. The men can appeal their case to the High Court and to the Supreme Court and ask the president for clemency.
The victim's family, numerous politicians and government officials had long called for the men to be executed. The family was in the courtroom as the sentence was announced. "I am very happy our girl has got justice," said the victim's father, who cannot be named under Indian laws guarding his daughter's identity as a rape victim.
The 23-year-old victim and a male friend were coming home last December from an evening showing of the movie Life of Pi when the men lured them into boarding a bus they were joy-riding through the city. They quickly beat the friend, held the woman down and took turns raping her. They also penetrated her with a metal rod, causing the massive injuries that led to her death in a Singapore hospital.
India's Supreme Court has ruled the death penalty should be used only in "the rarest of rare cases," though what defines those cases remains highly debated. Only two people, both terrorists, have been executed since 2004.
Under intense pressure, the Congress party-led national government worked hard to project a tough-on-crime image after the attack, reforming a series of laws on sexual violence. Many in the party, which faces dwindling support and national elections next year, made clear they wanted the men executed.
Home Minister Sushilkumar Shinde, who earlier in the week said death sentences were assured in the case, welcomed the sentence. "The victim and her family have got justice," he told reporters in New Delhi. "The judge has set an example for anti-social elements that they would meet a similar fate if they committed such crimes."
If India's chaotic judicial system is supposed to be independent of politics, Singh, the defence lawyer, saw a political hand in the judge's decision.
"The judge has given the death sentence under political pressure," he said. "The punishment has been given at the government's insistence."
Many have expressed hope the case and the intense media coverage will help change traditional attitudes that relegate women to subservient roles and contribute to sexual harassment and fear.
Rapes are regularly blamed on the victims. Many rape victims are shunned by their families, fired from jobs and driven from their home villages. As a result, most rape victims are still thought to remain silent.
Faced with the public outcry over the case, the government in March created fast-track courts for rape cases, doubled prison terms for rape and criminalized voyeurism, stalking and the trafficking of women.
The dozens of protesters outside the courthouse Friday, while lauding the sentence, called for swift justice in tens of thousands of rape cases that remain backlogged in Indian courts.
An estimated 100 to 150 people are sentenced to death in India in most years, but the vast majority of those cases are eventually commuted to life in prison.
The female victim's parents and brothers had supported her as she worked for an education, even breaking with tradition by helping her leave her home for a time to study physiotherapy. At the time of the attack, she was awaiting exam results for a physiotherapy degree. The results came after her death. She had passed.
-- The Associated Press