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This article was published 4/7/2013 (1358 days ago), so information in it may no longer be current.
JOHANNESBURG, South Africa -- Nelson Mandela is being kept alive by a breathing machine and faces "impending death," court documents show.
The former president's health is "perilous," according to documents filed in the court case that resulted in the remains of his three deceased children being reburied Thursday in their original graves.
"The anticipation of his impending death is based on real and substantial grounds," the court filing said.
Mandela, who was hospitalized on June 8, remains in critical but stable condition, according to the office of President Jacob Zuma, who visited the anti-apartheid leader on Thursday. The president's office also said doctors denied reports 94-year-old Mandela is in a "vegetative state."
A younger person put on mechanical ventilation -- life-support -- can be weaned off the machine and recover, but it can be difficult or impossible for an older person. The longer a person is on ventilation the less the chance of recovery, said the chief executive of the Faculty of Consulting Physicians of South Africa.
"It indicates a very poor prognosis for recovery because it means that he's either too weak or too sick to breathe on his own," said Dr. Adri Kok, who has no connection to Mandela's care. "Usually if a person does need that, any person, not keeping in mind his age at all, for any person it would be indicative of a grave illness.
"When they say 'perilous' I think that would be a fair description," she said.
In Mandela's hometown, Qunu, on Thursday, the bodies of three of his children were returned to their original resting site following a court order.
Family members and community elders attended a ceremony on the Mandela property that included the singing of hymns. Mandela grew up in Qunu and has said he wants to be buried there.
Forensic tests earlier confirmed the remains were those of Mandela's children. Grandson Mandla Mandela moved the bodies to his village of Mvezo -- Nelson Mandela's birthplace -- in 2011. The two towns are about 25 kilometres apart. Fifteen Mandela family members pursued court action last week to force the grandson to move the bodies back to their original burial site.
Mandla Mandela -- the oldest male Mandela heir and a tribal chief -- told a news conference Thursday his grandfather "would be highly disappointed in what is unravelling."
Retired archbishop Desmond Tutu appealed to the family of Mandela, also known by his clan name Madiba, to overcome their differences.
"Please, please, please may we think not only of ourselves. It's almost like spitting in Madiba's face," Tutu said in a statement released by a foundation he leads. "Your anguish, now, is the nation's anguish -- and the world's."
-- The Associated Press