YAROSLAVL, Russia -- President Dmitry Medvedev has called for immediate changes in Russia's troubled aviation industry -- including sharply reducing the number of airlines -- as the country mourned after a crash that killed 43 people and devastated a top ice hockey team.
The crash Wednesday killed 36 players, coaches and staff of the Lokomotiv Yaroslavl team, including European national team and former NHL players, drawing new attention to the poor air-safety records of Russia and other former Soviet republics.
Experts blame Russia's problems in the air on an aging fleet, weak government controls, poor pilot training and a cost-cutting mentality.
Investigators could not immediately pinpoint what caused the Yak-42 jet to crash into the banks of the Volga River shortly after takeoff from Yaroslavl, 240 kilometres northeast of Moscow.
Workers laboured Thursday to raise the plane's shattered tail section, site of one of the plane's on-board recorders.
The two crash survivors -- player Alexander Galimov and crew member Alexander Sizov -- were both reported in grave condition Thursday after being flown to Moscow for treatment.
The plane crashed on the opening day of an international forum that was to showcase Yaroslavl as a modern and vibrant Russian city. Medvedev laid flowers at the crash site Thursday and met with officials, and then opened the forum by calling for a moment of silence for the victims.
"The number of air companies should be radically reduced and it's necessary to do this within the shortest time," Medvedev told the conference.
Experts say smaller carriers sometimes lack funds to properly maintain their fleets and tend to cut corners on safety.
The crashed jet was built in 1993 and one of its three engines was replaced a month ago, Deputy Transport Minister Valery Okulov said. The plane apparently struggled to gain altitude and then hit a signal tower before breaking apart along the Volga River.
Okulov said federal authorities were considering whether to halt flights by the 57 Yak-42s still in service in Russia, the state news agency RIA Novosti reported.
Some hockey fans blamed the crash on Medvedev's forum itself, which was held in the Lokomotiv arena, making it impossible for the team to play its first game of the season at home.
Thousands of fans gathered outside the arena Wednesday night to mourn the players, and some shouted "Down with the summit!" and "The summit is guilty!" Forum participants were warned to take off their badges before heading into town.
On Thursday morning, hundreds of residents prayed for the victims at the city's Russian Orthodox cathedral, many wearing team scarves as religious head coverings.
Hundreds more came to add flowers to the growing mounds outside the city's sports arena. Some wrote notes in memory of the players and lit candles. Many fans described the hockey team as the pride of the city and called the players beloved local heroes.
"The loss of the team is the loss of the symbol of the city," said Mikhail Sergeichev, a 22-year-old student. "We had a history, we had a legend, and we hope to God that of that legend one person will survive."
It was not immediately clear what measures the government could take to cut the number of airlines, many of which are small, regional operations of uncertain financial health. Transport Minister Igor Levitin said Russia has about 130 air carriers, but just 10 companies handle about 85 per cent of air passengers.
Medvedev previously has announced plans to take aging Soviet-built planes out of service starting next year. The short- and medium-range Yak-42 has been in service since 1980.
Among the dead were Lokomotiv coach and National Hockey League veteran Brad McCrimmon, a Canadian; assistant coach Alexander Karpovtsev, one of the first Russians to have his name etched on the Stanley Cup as a member of the New York Rangers; and Pavol Demitra, who played for the St. Louis Blues and the Vancouver Canucks and was the Slovakian national team captain.
Other standouts killed were Czech players Josef Vasicek, Karel Rachunek and Jan Marek, Swedish goalie Stefan Liv, Latvian defenceman Karlis Skrastins and defenceman Ruslan Salei of Belarus.
-- The Associated Press