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This article was published 8/3/2013 (1480 days ago), so information in it may no longer be current.
WASHINGTON -- Sulaiman Abu Ghaith, the charismatic al-Qaida spokesman, fundraiser and son-in-law to Osama bin Laden, is likely to have a vast trove of knowledge about the terror network's central command but not much useful information about current threats or plots, intelligence officials and other experts say.
Abu Ghaith pleaded not guilty Friday to conspiring to kill Americans in propaganda videos that warned of further assaults against the United States as devastating as the Sept. 11, 2001 attacks on the World Trade Center and the Pentagon that killed nearly 3,000 people.
Believed to be more of a strategic player in bin Laden's inner circle than an operational plotter, Abu Ghaith would be the highest-ranking al-Qaida figure to stand trial on U.S. soil since 9-11. Intelligence officials say he may be able to shed new light on al-Qaida's inner workings -- concerning al-Qaida's murky dealings in Iran over the past decade, for example -- but probably will have few details about specific or imminent ongoing threats.
He gave U.S. officials a 22-page statement after his Feb. 28 arrest in Jordan, according to prosecutors. They would not describe the statement.
Bearded and balding, Abu Ghaith said little during the 15-minute hearing in U.S. District Court in New York -- in lower Manhattan just blocks from Ground Zero -- and displayed none of the finger-wagging or strident orations that marked his propaganda in the days and months after 9-11.
Through an interpreter, Judge Lewis A. Kaplan asked whether he understood his rights. Abu Ghaith nodded and said, "Yes." Asked whether he had money to hire an attorney, he shook his head and said no. He nodded and said yes when asked whether he had signed an affidavit describing his financial situation.
Kaplan promised to set a trial date when the case returns to court on April 8. Bail was not requested, and none was set. Abu Ghaith's lawyer declined comment after the hearing.
The fact Abu Ghaith is being tried in federal district court is controversial in itself. Republicans are criticizing the Obama administration for bringing Abu Ghaith to New York instead of sending him to the military detention centre at Guantanamo Bay, Cuba.
President Barack Obama has promised to close Guantanamo, where terror detainees generally have fewer legal rights and due process than they would have in a U.S. federal court. But critics say a suspect like Abu Ghaith should be held at Guantanamo and treated as an enemy combatant rather than a "common criminal" with full rights in an everyday court.
A month after 9-11, Abu Ghaith called on every Muslim to join the fight against the United States, declaring that "jihad is a duty."
"The Americans must know that the storm of airplanes will not stop, God willing, and there are thousands of young people who are as keen about death as Americans are about life," he said in the Oct. 9, 2001, speech.
Two days before that, he sat with bin Laden and current al-Qaida leader Ayman al-Zawahri against a rocky backdrop and spoke for nearly five minutes in one of the terror group's most widely watched propaganda videos.
Kuwaiti by birth but stripped of his citizenship after 9-11, Abu Ghaith was an imam at a Kuwaiti mosque and taught high school religion classes until 2000, when he headed to Afghanistan. It's not clear when he met his wife, bin Laden's daughter Fatima, but a U.S. intelligence official on Friday said bin Laden probably introduced them. The intelligence official spoke on condition of anonymity because he was not authorized to release the information.
Fatima was bin Laden's eldest daughter. Estimates on the number of his children range up to 23. He had four wives, the maximum Islam allows.
Abu Ghaith's charisma and impassioned rhetoric, which helped al-Qaida recruit followers and raise money, made him a natural choice as bin Laden's spokesman and key adviser, said Tom Lynch, a senior research fellow at National Defence University. He said Abu Ghaith would have all but certainly been included in discussions about the 9-11 attack before it was launched -- even if he was not directly involved in the plot.
"He was on Osama bin Laden's right-hand side, and was used by him as a mouthpiece for the organization," said attorney Michael Rosensaft, who prosecuted terrorism cases in the U.S. Attorney's office in Manhattan until late 2012 and is now in private practice.
White House spokesman Josh Earnest said security agencies across the government -- including the departments of Justice, Homeland Security and Defence -- agreed that Abu Ghaith would best be prosecuted in a federal court. Asked whether the top priority of detaining Abu Ghaith was to bring him to justice or gather intelligence, Josh Earnest said that federal courts could do both.
"We don't have to choose," Earnest said. "We're able to do both and that's exactly what we did."
-- The Associated Press