Two of the larger pipeline companies with operations in Manitoba are Enbridge and TransCanada.
Alberta Clipper: Enbridge currently has seven pumping stations along the 1,600-kilometre Alberta Clipper pipeline that pumps oilsands crude from Hardisty, Alta., to Superior, Wis. The line enters Manitoba at the Saskatchewan boundary and exits near Gretna at the Canada-U.S. border.
Under Enbridge's Alberta Clipper expansion, approved by the National Energy Board last year, the company will upgrade its pumping capacity to increase the flow of crude oil from about 450,000 barrels per day to 570,000. Further upgrades will see that increased to 800,000 barrels per day by 2015.
The increased capacity will be achieved solely through building new pump stations along its route. In Manitoba, that includes the installation of four new pumps and electrical work at the West Souris Pump Station and three new pumps and electrical work at the St. Leon Pump Station.
Line 3: Enbridge is also upgrading its main line, known as Line 3, that parallels the Alberta Clipper and also runs through southwest Manitoba. The $7-billion Line 3 replacement program will see the existing 34-inch-diameter pipeline replaced with a 36-inch-diameter pipeline from Alberta to Gretna on the Canadian side, and from Neche, N.D., to Superior Wis., on the U.S. side. The upgrade will see a capacity increase of 390,000 barrels per day to 760,000 barrels. The target in-service date is the second half of 2017.
Energy East: TransCanada Corp. is in the early stages of its $11-billion conversion of its natural gas line to ship 1.1-million barrels of crude oil per day from Alberta and Saskatchewan to refineries in Eastern Canada. Known as Energy East, it's double the length of the controversial Keystone XL pipeline, a proposed 1,897-kilometre oil pipeline beginning in Hardisty and going almost straight south to Steele City, Neb.
If approved, Energy East would see the expansions at four existing oil pumping stations and addition of four new electric pumping stations in Manitoba. The expected in-service date is 2019.
Main line conversion: TransCanada has already converted a portion of its natural gas pipeline to oil from Alberta to Manitoba and extended the line to the U.S. That included building six new pumping stations. It's been in operation since 2010.
It runs 4,247 km from Hardisty into Manitoba where it turns south near Winnipeg and crosses the border into North Dakota near Emerson. It has the capacity of handling 590,000 barrels per day. From there, it runs southeast to Illinois.
The proposed Keystone XL pipeline project would consist of a new 36-inch pipeline going almost directly from Hardisty through Montana and South Dakota to Steele City, Neb., -- bypassing Manitoba -- to transport up to 830,000 barrels per day.
The top power consumers in the province -- their scale of purchases are about 7,500 gigawatt hours annually, or about a third of the total domestic Manitoba consumption. (The proposed Keeyask generating station would produce an average of 4,400 gigawatt hours of electricity each year).
Canexus Chemicals -- Brandon
Vale -- Thompson
HudBay Minerals Inc. -- Flin Flon
Enbridge Pipelines Inc. (southern Manitoba)
Gerdau Long Steel North America -- Selkirk
ERCO Worldwide -- Virden
Koch Fertilizer Canada ULC -- Brandon
Tolko Industries Ltd. -- The Pas
Amsted Rail-Griffin Wheel Company -- Winnipeg
TransCanada Corp. pipeline (southern Manitoba)