Hey there, time traveller! This article was published 2/4/2014 (2724 days ago), so information in it may no longer be current.
With the Experimental Lakes Area saved, the Winnipeg institute that swung the deal to preserve it now faces an even tougher task.
It's up to the International Institute for Sustainable Development to put together a team of scientists to steer the future of research at the world-famous site.
Ottawa and the provinces of Ontario and Manitoba signed a deal Monday to transfer the collection of deep-water lakes in northwestern Ontario and the science conducted there to the control of the Winnipeg think-tank.
Matt McCandless, the team leader for the section at the institute that will recreate the ELA, said he's optimistic.
"I might challenge the idea that we have a tough task," McCandless said. "We're actually quite excited about this and we're looking forward to hiring 10 to 12 new people," he said.
With the word out, the think-tank is already taking calls, and it has the former chief scientist on staff as a senior fellow at the institute.
"To make sure we have the corporate memory to keep the ELA alive, we do have the chief scientist who was there, Michael Paterson. He spent several decades with the ELA," McCandless said.
"We're already being approached by people who worked for the ELA in the past and we've had a number of people interested in working for the IISD's ELA."
The team that used to lead the ELA was broken up bit by bit over two years of political and internal upheaval.
"I've always argued the ELA is not those buildings at the field station in northwestern Ontario, and it's not those 58 lakes," said Diane Orihel, the former ELA scientist who was the face of the Save the ELA campaign.
"It's a science team that the government has invested in, training and building over four decades. It's absolutely essential to try and preserve the integrity of that team."
She said she's relieved the site is saved. But just as important as the lakes are the scientists who work there, she said.
A core of 17 scientists led the ELA when it was under the federal Fisheries Department.
"Those 17 are at the centre of everything. They are the core of the ELA and they keep the ELA car on the road," she said.
They included aquatic biologists, water chemists, microbiologists, computer programmers, technicians and managers.
Even before the axe fell, however, the team had withered, dropping from 27 scientists to 17.
The campaign to save the ELA couldn't talk about what was happening to the scientists, even as leaders rallied scientists and celebrities worldwide organized a 30,000-signature petition that led to this week's success.
Winnipeg was the heart of the campaign, accounting for 16,000 of the 30,000 signatures and countless public rallies, Orihel said. But none of the scientists could take part in public, she said. Federal policy forbid them from speaking out.
Orihel recounted the lengths Ottawa went to dismantle the ELA team for the first time Wednesday.
There were three main actions, she said, each prefaced with a letter that targeted the 17 scientists.
The first came May 17, 2012, with the decision Ottawa would mothball the ELA the following March.
That itself was a thunderclap, because it followed on the heels of tens of thousands of dollars in internal government grants designed to keep the ELA humming.
"Nobody was fired, but everybody's job was jeopardized," Orihel said. "Some of the 17 applied for other DFO jobs, some moved to other provinces, some left (their science careers). Some retrained. It was pretty sad."
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The second shoe to drop came March 21, 2013, with another letter. By that time, the campaign had whipped up a firestorm of opposition. Ottawa had relented and offered to hand over control of the site instead of mothballing it. The scientists were told their jobs were still on the line.
"By the end of November, whoever was left received a surplus letter -- that's the pink slip," Orihel said.
But along with it, came offers for reasonable job offers instead of buyouts.
"It was a rotten thing to do. They could have just made them surplus and offered them cash-outs, but by giving them job offers they, forced them to accept other job offers," Orihel said.
At least two scientists accepted posts to do arctic research on aquatic animals through DFO's Winnipeg base of operations at the Freshwater Fish Institute, which kept the ELA's chemistry lab. Others took federal jobs elsewhere, relocating their families to other parts of Canada.
Keys to success
Superstars, teamwork and bags of money the keys to success, says ELA's founding director
Now retired, David Schindler was the founding director of the Experimental Lakes Area, hugely instrumental in work to understand the environmental consequences of acid rain, algal bloom, climate change and aquaculture.
At the time Ottawa ended the federal program, scientists were working on contaminants such as mercury, flame retardants and nano-materials. Nano-materials are tiny man-made chemicals designed with superman-like strength and chemical reactivity and conductivity, 10,000 times smaller than a human hair and the future of everything from medicine and energy to transport and even work in space.
In an interview from his home outside Edmonton Wednesday, Schindler offered three keys to success as the privately run International Institute for Sustainable Development gets the ELA up and running in June:
An excellent staff with a couple of superstars to lead it. "One of the things that kept us moving ahead was we always had a couple of superstars. They would design experiments that were ahead of their time so when (Ottawa) said they need something, they already had it ready to go."
A team that socializes and works together. "One of the things that nobody recognizes anymore is the staff has to have a rapport with each other. Flitting in and out (of the field) a day or two at a time is not the way to do top science. We had scientists who had breakfast, lunch and dinner with each other. They talked to each other about their problems and came up with solutions. That egalitarian approach worked... That sort of rapport is really essential."
Lots of money. "The science they do is on top of the core funding (announced with the transfer this week). They're not cheap experiments, and funding is very important."
The early days of the ELA back in the 1960s were lean: logging roads and house trailers were the beginning. "We did it because we were good at building our own equipment and we were good with baling wire," Schindler chuckled.