July 23, 2019

Winnipeg
23° C, A few clouds

Full Forecast

A century after the General Strike, the wealth gap endures

Editorial

One hundred years ago this week, the Winnipeg General Strike, arguably the most influential labour action in Canadian history, staggered to its anticlimactic end.

Hopes for a successful outcome had been crushed on June 21, 1919 — a day that became infamous as “Bloody Saturday” — when police armed with guns and clubs charged on foot and horseback into a crowd on Main Street.

One worker was shot and killed; another who was shot died later of gangrene. At least 30 others were wounded and a streetcar was famously tilted off its rails and set ablaze in the violent confrontation.

Five days later, at 11 a.m. on June 26, the six-week strike was officially ended.

Get the full story.
No credit card required. Cancel anytime.

Join free for 30 days

After that, pay as little as $0.99 per month for the best local news coverage in Manitoba.

 

Already a subscriber?

Log in

Keep reading free:

Already have an account? Log in here »

Subscribers Log in below to continue reading,
not a subscriber? Create an account to start a 30 day free trial.

Log in Create your account

Your free trial has come to an end.

We hope you have enjoyed your trial! To continue reading, we recommend our Read Now Pay Later membership. Simply add a form of payment and pay only 27¢ per article.

For unlimited access to the best local, national, and international news and much more, try an All Access Digital subscription:

Thank you for supporting the journalism that our community needs!

Your free trial has come to an end.

We hope you have enjoyed your trial! To continue reading, we recommend our Read Now Pay Later membership. Simply add a form of payment and pay only 27¢ per article.

For unlimited access to the best local, national, and international news and much more, try an All Access Digital subscription:

Thank you for supporting the journalism that our community needs!

We hope you have enjoyed your free trial!

To continue reading, select a plan below:

All Access Digital

Introductory pricing*

99¢

per month

  • Unlimited online reading and commenting
  • Daily newspaper replica e-Edition
  • News Break - our award-winning iOS app
  • Exclusive perks & discounts
Continue

Read Now Pay Later

Pay

27¢

per article

  • Commitment-free
  • Cancel anytime
  • Only pay for what you read
  • Refunds available
Continue

*Introductory pricing schedule for 12 month: $0.99/month plus tax for first 3 months, $5.99/month for months 4 - 6, $10.99/month for months 7 - 9, $13.99/month for months 10 - 12. Standard All Access Digital rate of $16.99/month begins after first year.

We hope you have enjoyed your free trial!

To continue reading, select a plan below:

Read Now Pay Later

Pay

27¢

per article

  • Commitment-free
  • Cancel anytime
  • Only pay for what you read
  • Refunds available
Continue

All Access Digital

Introductory pricing*

99¢

per month

  • Unlimited online reading and commenting
  • Daily newspaper replica e-Edition
  • News Break - our award-winning iOS app
  • Exclusive perks & discounts
Continue

Mon to Sat Delivery

Pay

$34.36

per month

  • Includes all benefits of All Access Digital
  • 6-day delivery of our award-winning newspaper
Continue

*Introductory pricing schedule for 12 month: $0.99/month plus tax for first 3 months, $5.99/month for months 4 - 6, $10.99/month for months 7 - 9, $13.99/month for months 10 - 12. Standard All Access Digital rate of $16.99/month begins after first year.

We hope you have enjoyed your free trial!

To continue reading, select a plan below:

All Access Digital

Introductory pricing*

99¢

per month

  • Unlimited online reading and commenting
  • Daily newspaper replica e-Edition
  • News Break - our award-winning iOS app
  • Exclusive perks & discounts
Continue

Read Now Pay Later

Pay

27¢

per article

  • Commitment-free
  • Cancel anytime
  • Only pay for what you read
  • Refunds available
Continue

*Introductory pricing schedule for 12 month: $0.99/month plus tax for first 3 months, $5.99/month for months 4 - 6, $10.99/month for months 7 - 9, $13.99/month for months 10 - 12. Standard All Access Digital rate of $16.99/month begins after first year.

We hope you have enjoyed your free trial!

To continue reading, select a plan below:

Read Now Pay Later

Pay

27¢

per article

  • Commitment-free
  • Cancel anytime
  • Only pay for what you read
  • Refunds available
Continue

All Access Digital

Introductory pricing*

99¢

per month

  • Unlimited online reading and commenting
  • Daily newspaper replica e-Edition
  • News Break - our award-winning iOS app
  • Exclusive perks & discounts
Continue

*Introductory pricing schedule for 12 month: $0.99/month plus tax for first 3 months, $5.99/month for months 4 - 6, $10.99/month for months 7 - 9, $13.99/month for months 10 - 12. Standard All Access Digital rate of $16.99/month begins after first year.

One hundred years ago this week, the Winnipeg General Strike, arguably the most influential labour action in Canadian history, staggered to its anticlimactic end.

Hopes for a successful outcome had been crushed on June 21, 1919 — a day that became infamous as "Bloody Saturday" — when police armed with guns and clubs charged on foot and horseback into a crowd on Main Street.

Archives of Manitoba</p><p>Crowds overwhelmed Portage and Main during the Winnipeg General Strike.</p>

Archives of Manitoba

Crowds overwhelmed Portage and Main during the Winnipeg General Strike.

One worker was shot and killed; another who was shot died later of gangrene. At least 30 others were wounded and a streetcar was famously tilted off its rails and set ablaze in the violent confrontation.

Five days later, at 11 a.m. on June 26, the six-week strike was officially ended.

What amounted to about half of Winnipeg’s workforce at the time returned, many of them bruised and bloodied, to their jobs, though some strikers found themselves unemployed as angry business owners meted out punishment where they could.

The workers failed to win concessions, although the historic walkout certainly changed the nation’s labour landscape and set the stage for workplace reforms that are commonplace today. One hundred years later, it’s impossible to say what the 1919 strike leaders would think of the state of labour relations in Canada today, but it seems likely a few recent headlines would have left them rolling in their graves.

For example, they would have been aghast last week to read the Canada Revenue Agency’s fifth and final report on the tax gap, the difference between the total amounts of taxes owed to the federal government versus the amount it actually received.

The CRA reported that Canadian companies avoided paying up to $11.4 billion in taxes in 2014, with small companies dodging between $2.7 billion and $3.5 billion in taxes, while bigger companies avoided paying between $6.7 billion and $7.9 billion.

While the agency expects to recoup up to 65 per cent of what it’s owed for 2014, it admits not all of the unpaid taxes involved companies knowingly trying to defraud the system. Often, it says, honest mistakes — ignorance of tax law changes or accidentally overclaiming deductions and credits — were to blame.

If they weren’t shocked by the size of the unpaid corporate tax bill, the leaders of Winnipeg’s 1919 strike would certainly have rolled their eyes at the compensation paid to modern Canadian executives. In its annual report earlier this year, the left-leaning Canadian Centre for Policy Alternatives (CCPA) revealed Canada’s highest-paid CEOs earned an average of $10 million in 2017 — almost 200 times the average worker’s salary.

"Although this is slightly less than the year before, when they made $10.4 million, this year’s average is still the second-highest since we began keeping track (in 2008)," CCPA senior economist David Macdonald wrote.

A year earlier, when the average CEO wage was 209 times that of a typical worker, Macdonald sniped: "Canada’s corporate executives were among the loudest critics of a new $15 minimum wage in provinces like Ontario and Alberta; meanwhile, the highest paid among them were raking in record-breaking earnings."

From the Occupy Wall Street protests of 2011 onward, there has been plenty of evidence of growing unrest over the widening gap between rich and poor. It’s unlikely — in the short term, at least — that such anger will manifest here in an uprising as incendiary as what happened in Winnipeg’s streets a century ago, but there are messages in the past month’s General Strike commemorations that the 21st century’s one per cent would do well to heed.

Editorials are the consensus view of the Winnipeg Free Press’ editorial board.

You can comment on most stories on The Winnipeg Free Press website. You can also agree or disagree with other comments. All you need to do is be a Winnipeg Free Press print or digital subscriber to join the conversation and give your feedback.

Have Your Say

Have Your Say

Comments are open to The Winnipeg Free Press print or digital subscribers only. why?

Have Your Say

Comments are open to The Winnipeg Free Press Subscribers only. why?

By submitting your comment, you agree to abide by our Community Standards and Moderation Policy. These guidelines were revised effective February 27, 2019. Have a question about our comment forum? Check our frequently asked questions.