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The Rivers

The power and potential of Winnipeg's waterways

Part 3 – The Final Frontier

By Randy Turner

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Mark Penner is standing along Waterfront Drive, in the shadow of a condo that looks like a spaceship, and talking about going where Winnipeg hasn't gone before.

Well, for about 100 years, anyway.

Penner is the president of the Green Seed Development Corporation, which is currently erecting the $6.5-million, 40-unit structure that literally overlooks the downtown core and adjacent Red River. Designed by 5468796 Architecture, the circular condominium rises 11.5 metres off the ground.

A few years ago, the lot was vacant, but for knee-high grass. By the time it's completed, it will mark a punctuation of sorts for development along the Red River, beginning at The Forks and stretching north to Higgins Avenue, along the waterfront.

To the south, there are now high-end $700,000 condos, restaurants, the Exchange District, Shaw Park, the Esplanade Riel pedestrian bridge, the Canadian Museum for Human Rights, The Forks development — none of which existed 25 years ago. To the north and east, in south and north Point Douglas, there lies what many believe is downtown development's unpolished gem: swaths of riverfront property that now sits filled with empty industrial buildings and vacant lots.

You have a blank slate with an opportunity to do literally whatever you wantMark Penner, developer

"That is some amazing real estate housing rusted-out machinery or empty buildings," Penner said. "If you showed me that (area) on a map I'd say, 'That's the most interesting place. That's got to be THE neighborhood because it's so close to downtown.' But it's not.

"I've been saying that for five years: right now we're the end of the line," he added. "But someday we'll be right in the middle. I believe that's true."

Time will tell. In Winnipeg, after all, time is often what it takes.

Penner said he can wait. Yet he envisions a day, within a generation, when Point Douglas — once the cradle of Winnipeg society at the turn of the 20th century, home to industry and many of the city's most prominent citizens — could become a thriving, animated neighbourhood again.

"If I were to dream about it, it would be a solid mix, where you don't have to walk too far to have a good meal and a beer," he said. "And you're also right down where you work and two blocks from where you live. And you're on the river!"

A pipe dream? Perhaps, but just four years ago, the land Penner is standing on had been an abandoned lot for decades. Not so long before that, Waterfront Drive was a mud road fronting a decaying Exchange District. And 30 years ago, The Forks was a long-since-forgotten wasteland of abandoned warehouses and railway tracks.

It wasn't too long ago that Waterfront Drive was an abandoned rail line.

So Penner is confident his "spaceship" will one day have an entirely different view.

"You have a blank slate with an opportunity to do literally whatever you want," he said. "And there are some very smart people in this city that can figure it out. You can go to other cities — Chicago, Toronto, New York City — and you can find out what works in those places. What's proven? And we can do it.

"It will be like The Forks. It will seem crazy that it took that long and it was never there."

Point Douglas, the final frontier.

South Point Douglas has the potential to be transformed into a sustainable mixed-use community along the waterfront.

Re-imagining our rivers — 10 bold ideas.

View RiverCity 2050

Imagine a Winnipeg in 2050 where the Red and Assiniboine rivers are highways. They are beachfronts. They are areas of commerce, where you can buy goods from kiosks or floating barges. They are dotted with marinas and kayak and canoes launches.

In short, they are integral to day-to-day life in this city — for the first time in almost a century.

Last year, The Forks Development Corporation, following Paul Jordan's appointment as CEO, set out to develop a long-term vision under a document entitled Go to the Waterfront — an outline of proposals — many of them modest in nature and cost — designed to eventually create a series of access points to the rivers that would eventually link neighbourhoods from Point Douglas to St. Vital to St. James.

Pedestrian bridge crossings. Bike paths. Water-bus stops. Canoe launches. Beaches and picnic areas. Skating trails. Lookouts and marinas. All in some way connected. The mission statement is to make Winnipeg the "quintessential river city", where almost every neighbourhood has a river access point that leads downtown.

There are 240 kilometres of waterfront within city limits, half of which is owned by the public, Jordan said.

"It's all just sitting there, waiting for some energy. There's nobody focused on it right now," he noted. "Imagine if we used that same kind of energy up and down the rivers, even just starting from The Forks moving up. Over 30 years, you could be quite transformative.

Winnipeggers don't think of the rivers as a way to connect to neighbourhoods. Changing that mindset is key to transforming the waterfront.

"The biggest impediment is that people aren't thinking about the waterfront as a connecting entity. They immediately go to the street — they're thinking of the roads and the neighbourhoods. Nobody is really focused on the rivers. That's the biggest thing, getting people to shift. Which is interesting, because that's how we started 100 years ago. We've drifted away.

"I just don't think we realize or understand how lucky we are to have this asset there. And we don't treat it very well."

Proposals envisioned by the Go to the Waterfront concept include:

  • An all-season walkway at Armstrong Point along the south bank of the Assiniboine, with the goal of an active-transportation trail to the Assiniboine Park Zoo, the Corydon Avenue district, the legislative buildings and Osborne. 

  • A restaurant overlooking the legislative grounds on the Assiniboine, a waterfront plaza at the Governor's Landing, a permanent dock at the Osborne Village Landing for summer and winter access. A bridge crossing from north of the Assiniboine to Fort Rouge Park.

  • A marina north of Provencher Boulevard on the Red. A plaza on the east side of Esplanade Riel and the development of restaurants/businesses facing the river on the south end of the St. Mary Road bridge, facing the river.

  • A pedestrian/bike bridge across the Red in Norwood at Lyndale Drive Park, scenic lookouts at Churchill Drive, Lyndale Drive and a community paddling/kayak launch along Churchill Drive.

  • A year-round voyageur-themed riverfront trail linking Fort Gibraltar to The Forks, a pedestrian/bike bridge over the existing rail line linking Waterfront Drive to North Tache/Whittier Park, waterfront plaza at the Alexander Docks, a voyageur-themed park facing the river off South Tache.

Included in the waterfront proposals is a $4-million project, being pushed by Coun. Matt Allard, to build a promenade along the Red along Tache Boulevard, south of Provencher — highlighted by a "Tree Top Lookout" across the Red to The Forks.

Allard wants to brand Winnipeg as River City and says the Tache lookout, if constructed, would be the "Selfie Capital" of Winnipeg, with the Canadian Museum for Human Rights and Esplanade Riel providing the background.

The project has secured a $1-million pledge from the Winnipeg Foundation and Allard has identified another $1 million in possible municipal funding avenues. The $2-million shortfall, he said, will be submitted to the city's capital budget for consideration.

"This is a key project to get off the ground and dress up our image," Allard said. "It should be a high priority for the city, with the value and potential there."

If it ever happens, a promenade down Tache would be another piece in the waterfront puzzle.

This is a key project to get off the groundMatt Allard, St. Boniface city councillor

Michael Scatliff, president of the environmental design firm Scatliff + Murray + Miller, which participated in the Go to the Waterfront project, said the concept of developing access points, then linking them, is as old as the city itself.

"Commercial activity and residential neighbourhoods, it's common to all of them," Scatliff said. "Look at each opportunity to integrate water and waterfronts and you increase property values and you increase visitorship. Satisfaction. All those things go up.

"Every neighbourhood should be awakened with its own waterfront. I don't care where you live. It doesn't have to be The Forks."

But Scatliff cautions parks or beaches are virtually useless without supporting programs to draw a crowd. It's equally important, he said, to ensure a quality of water that at least doesn't repulse visitors — an undisputed factor in the last half-century.

"It wasn't until we built the river walk that people went down and saw condoms and toilet paper floating by in the water... it seemed to change the way people expected accountability from our governments," Scatliff said. "That was a big step in people seeing and smelling the water up close, and they started really getting interested in the quality of the water."

The Forks' vision for railside and Parcel 4 land.

What transpires at The Forks over the next few decades will hinge largely on a 12-acre parcel of land, now a parking lot, that abuts behind Union Station and north towards Shaw Park on Pioneer Avenue. The development of that parcel of real estate — where city council once infamously deliberated constructing a water park — could be the lynchpin for the entire downtown district, Jordan said.

Essentially, it will be like dropping condominiums, green space and commercial development smack dab into the heart of The Forks, providing a dynamic that has not existed since, well, forever: permanent residents.

At the same time, the property will be the guts inside the present tourist attractions, linking The Forks — if done properly — to Portage and Main.

The Forks Renewal Corporation released several glossy proposals for the site in September, titled 10 Big Ideas that floated artist's renderings of happy, young people strolling/biking/walking dogs down brightly lit promenades between glassy condos: an urban village of retail shops, perhaps a grocery store, with links to St. Boniface, the Exchange and Waterfront Drive and west of Main Street into the downtown entertainment district.

"The potential is huge," said Johanna Hurme, a founding partner of 5468796 Architecture, which was a consultant on the proposed Forks development. "It could be all the ingredients that are missing from downtown. It could be a catalyst for downtown to take off in a major way."

If you do this right… it really becomes the centre of it allBrent Bellamy, architect

"You can't just build a big museum and hope that it will happen, especially in Winnipeg," added Brent Bellamy, a senior design architect for Number TEN Architectural Group. "You have to be careful with what you do, and these parking lots are ground zero for it. If you do this right, then it spills off into Main Street, then spills into the Exchange District, it spills into St. Boniface.

"It really becomes the centre of it all. I have my fingers crossed."

Jordan is convinced selling condos in The Forks would be the least of his worries. "I could sell them all tomorrow," he said. "I'm just worried about getting it right. Because you can kill a street. And the scale has to be right."

After all, for proponents of waterfront development, the components are open to debate. You don't want crass development? Fine. Want enough manicured green space to, say, line a promenade from Union Station directly to the Canadian Museum for Human Rights? Go for it.

Jordan is also reluctant to crystal-ball too far ahead in a city that historically develops at a glacial pace.

"I'm not a big believer that you have the plan set out for 30 years," he said. "Who knows what it's going to be in 30 years? I mean, nobody had this in mind, but they allowed it to happen. Smart people have been working on it for 30 years, and this is the result. That's the same methodology that we use along the waterfront. As projects come up and opportunities present themselves, it's doing something in a co-ordinated-linked-visionary type of fashion."

"We know we can do it. The thing with the waterfront is about waking people up," Jordan added. "Saying, 'Hey, it's there. Look at it differently.' Get out of your car. Go on the river for a skate. Use the rivers as opposed to turn your back on them."

Pittsburgh, a rusting steel city, reclaimed its core with the Riverlife project.

Jordan is not alone in his ambitions. Turns out, the desire to reconnect with waterfronts is a global urban phenomenon that transcends cultural and geographic boundaries. In North America, major cities such as Pittsburgh (the Riverside Task Force), San Antonio (the River Walk) and Oklahoma City (the Bricktown Canals) — just to name a few — have redefined their cores with major, inventive waterfront projects. 

This summer, the Landscape Architects Network website noted: "We are living in an era in which for the first time since the Industrial Revolution we are witnessing a complete shift in the way the relationship between the city and nature is represented in our cities. Architects, planners, landscape designers, artists, politicians and society are getting together to find ways to reintegrate nature into the cities through their often-forgotten rivers."

The site listed 10 cities around the world that have embarked on major riverfront projects, from Paris to Seoul to Singapore. 

"As we're getting more populace, as the density of our cities increases, there is this clear idea that connecting you back to quote-unquote nature," said George Kapelos, assistant professor at the department of architectural science at Ryerson University. "If you live near a river area, you don't have to pack your car and drive two hours out of town to sit by a lake. You can find that in your own community. So rivers become important opportunities to re-establish that relationship to the natural world.

San Antonio River Walk is a top tourist attraction in Texas.

"There's an innate tendency for humans to find a way to restore themselves or find an opposite condition than the urban condition they seem to be confronted with on their Monday-to-Friday,  9-to-5 schedules."

Consider: Kapelos is currently judging a competition to improve the waterfront on the Thames River in nearby London, Ont. He notes, without irony, a similar campaign to improve the Thames in London, England.

Kapelos noted Winnipeg shares the same challenge, in the same psychological climate, as countless urban centres: to redefine the forgotten waterways that fell out of favour and thought when city planning and transportation routes shifted away from rivers in the early 20th century.

And he expects the trend to continue.

After years of neglect, Bricktown in Oklahoma City has been transformed into a thriving entertainment district.

"It's no longer something we want to take charge of, we want it to help restore us, both emotionally (and) in terms of our communities," Kapelos said. 

"I think there is a hunger among urban populations for some kind of connection to place, to landscape, to the cycle of nature. Places that are a little less predictable than going down a city street."

In Chicago, they actually reversed the flow of the Chicago River. In San Antonio, they essentially built a tunnel under the city to channel overflow of the San Antonio River. In Oklahoma City, they built 1.6-kilometre canal into a district of derelict brick railway warehouses (from the North Canadian River) turning the strip into an entertainment attraction that now draws more than seven million visitors a year.

Of course, Winnipeg is already protected by the Red River Floodway. However, there are parties, such as The Forks Development Corporation, that have long lobbied for the existing floodway to be used to a greater extent, which would require federal and provincial approval, to further reduce levels during summer months inside city limits.

Jordan argues controlling these levels would: a) reduce riverbank erosion, b) encourage private development on the waterfront and c) increase recreational use (boats, marinas).

Fluctuating river levels are eroding riverbanks, destroying trees and hurting water-based businesses.

"The economic benefits of doing it outweigh the not doing it," he said. "All the physical structures (the floodway) are in place. It's just a matter of how you use it.

"It's the... out-of-control floods that are killing us. They're killing the riverbank, they're destroying trees. They're killing our business."

The Forks' river walk, which can draw 10,000 visitors in a weekend, is under water more than above. The 800 boats that were once moored near The Forks are now docked in Gimli or Kenora, but for less than 100, Jordan added.

"All that money is gone," he said.

Any solution, Jordan said, would involve compensating landowners affected by flooding, which he maintains would be a fraction of the cost relative to the economic benefits derived from more predictable and controlled water levels within the city.

"Somebody has to start wrestling with that," he said. "There has to be something that works for both people (inside and outside Winnipeg). Someone needs to start investigating and helping them (politicians) with a bigger window. Sure, a politician has a five- to 10-year window. This may be longer than that."

Two problems: the myriad of government departments that control various aspects of rivers — from property to navigation to fisheries — make any diversion changes almost paralyzingly difficult. Secondly, such a discussion surrounding the floodway invariably is condensed into the following: why should landowners downstream have their land flooded so Winnipeggers can take Fido to stretch his legs on The Forks's river walk?

Which is why any talk of further controlling the Red or Assiniboine is a political no-fly zone.

Using the floodway to control water levels in Winnipeg would be a politically charged debate.

The provincial minister for municipal government, Drew Caldwell, has seen Jordan's long-term plan, calling it "an ideal, good road map for development along the river corridors." He's heard the arguments for river control within city limits. But bottom line: a provincial government already under heavy fire for flooding damage resulting from use of the Portage Diversion isn't open to further increasing the risk.

"There's been dramatic negative impacts to producers all up and down west of Winnipeg on the Assiniboine," Caldwell said. "Having any sort of plan that would negatively impact those producers by design is a non-starter."

In fact, Manitoba Infrastructure and Transportation is currently undertaking a study on using floodway controls for the Red and Assiniboine, which is expected to be released in the near future. "I'm not going to prejudge the report," Caldwell said, "but I suspect that won't be a viable option."

You can't deal with any one of (the rivers) in isolationDrew Caldwell, provincial minister for municipal government

In essence, there are those (in Winnipeg) who believe there could be hundreds of millions in tax revenue and development if steps were taken to control the rivers inside city limits. And there are those who say it will cost hundreds of millions in tax dollars to compensate for flood damage if the former ever happens.

Caldwell, for example, notes it was only four years ago there were 5,000 residents evacuated from his hometown of Brandon due to spring flooding on the Assiniboine.

"It's complicated," Caldwell said. "You can't deal with any one of them (the rivers) in isolation. There's not a simple fix to it. But we are willing to do the best we can to maximize that asset.

"How to resolve the tension between these two parties is going to be critical to this."

Ultimately, Caldwell said any solutions must account for the "very real and dramatic fluctuations" in river levels "particularly when the climate is changing as much as our climate is changing now."

In other words, the minister concluded: "The rivers are reminding us who's boss."

A vision for Winnipeg's river development

Glen Manning, a principal with HTFC Planning and Design, echoed concerns about engineering solutions. Winnipeg, after all, is but a dot in a much larger Red River drainage system.

"The simple thing is to say, 'We're just going to control it'," Manning said. "We're going to keep it at a low level so we can have access to the river walks and we can develop (commercially) as close as we can (to the river). That would be great on a bunch of fronts. But that has a lot of implications that are quite profound. It's not about flooding a few properties elsewhere. It has to do with the whole way the river actually works, and the river and the banks are part of a complex system that's several million years old. We have to be careful that we're not messing with something beyond that."

Hurme leans toward developing the riverbanks as accessible green space.

"We can't control the nature," she said. "We shouldn't even try, but try to build so that both can coexist so the river can fluctuate. How you tie the city to the river is key.

"You have to let the river breathe. But I also think there's room for big ideas," Hurme added. "It shouldn't just all be butterflies and prairie grass blowing in the wind. That's not the only way."

Development is spreading north — some how, some way, Point Douglas will be next.

Still, while the potential for future development influenced by the rivers could be transformative for Winnipeg, obstacles exist at most every turn.

Want to attract residents to the core area? Well, don't forget about an antiquated sewage system that, unlike most of the city, has sewer and water in the same pipes. "So if you want to create a more dense downtown you have to actually, in time, replace the sewer and water infrastructure. That's an enormous expense," said Scatliff.

Want to raise a new urban community on south Point Douglas? Not before dealing with acres of heavily contaminated land that was for decades home to pulp mills and soap factories. "It would make it more challenging, for sure," conceded CentreVenture CEO Angela Mathieson.

Then there's the matter of money, as always. The amount of privately owned properties in Point Douglas won't come cheap — especially if the landowners smell major urban renewal and government dollars.

Still, roadblocks aside, urban planners agree the inertia created when shovels went into the ground at The Forks three decades ago — then spread north to the intersection of Higgins Avenue and Waterfront — won't simply vanish now.

"That's going to take a lot of planning and organization and a lot of money," said Robert Galston, a master's student in city planning at the University of Manitoba. "But development pressure will move up there over time. It's moving up there already."

Sometime, some way, Point Douglas will be next.

Contaminated land and antiquated infrastructure are some of the stumbling blocks to overcome in redeveloping Point Douglas.

"South Point Douglas is an emerging conversation," Mathieson said. "People are logically saying, 'What should we be doing here?' I totally see that happening in the next 30 years. But it takes some vision on the part of governments."

Point Douglas Coun. Mike Pagtakhan believes in the "when" not "if" future for his ward.

"Basically, about 15 years ago I was wondering, 'What's taking so long?' " Pagtakhan said. "But I think what's happening is Winnipeg is developing at its own pace, and that rate is healthy. When you rush something it never turns out right. Good things take time.

"People are catching on. Eventually, it's going to fall into the hands of a developer. The stars are lining up. It's going to happen."

Mathieson would favour a "good neighbourhood that makes sense" for Point Douglas. Something affordable.

"We need a plan that's mountable," she said, "that supports the infrastructure."

Or you could pretty much bulldoze the entire area, build a $250-million world-class waterslide park next to a rapid-transit depot and build a beach on the waterfront. Or a massive hospital complex. Or a major aboriginal development centre.

This could evolve, but let's start by being provocative firstMichael Scatliff, architect

Why? Because, as Scatliff contends, Point Douglas is the last remaining untapped and most potentially valuable real estate in the city core. So why not think big, with a clean slate?

"There's usually a bigger vision that's something you assemble from Year 1 to Year 20," he said. "This could evolve, but let's start by being provocative first."

In the end, it appears the smart money on Point Douglas — if not the most money — would see Point Douglas slowly evolve into a more upscale, artistic neighbourhood with, ideally, several businesses and retail shops constructed towards the actual point.

Ceramic artist Jordan van Sewell, who has lived in his three-plot home along the Red for almost three decades, said the change, while subtle, is already beginning to occur. Point Douglas is quietly becoming home to a growing number of the city's artistic community (cheaper than Osborne, some say) and well as young immigrant families.

"It's almost as if artists can predetermine where the shifts and trends are going to go because they seek out beauty and simplicity, then live in it because it's affordable and accessible and all those things artists require," Van Sewell said. "Why do we have to say, 'OK, let's roll up our sleeves and tear this (stuff) down. Now we're going to build something.' No, no. It's already here. We've already set the tone and the pace. Let's develop off of that strength."

Penner, the developer, has a similar vision to Van Sewell, the artist. Not just to develop Point Douglas, but to reconnect it with the city. Make it a focal point instead of a long-forgotten tract of land that was once a vital Winnipeg hub.

You know, like The Forks.

"I actually think Winnipeg is up for the challenge," Penner said. "When you look at the last 10 years or even the last five years, how Winnipeggers have embraced the winter. Now my favourite part of winter is going to eat dinner on the river (at the pop-up restaurant).

A downtown restaurant on a frozen river is proof Winnipeg is ready to embrace its rivers.

"Now that seems just like what we do in the winter. Ten years ago, you might be asking, 'Why would you put a huge tent up, internationally designed, that doesn't seem like it's going to happen?' Hopefully, in 10 years water taxis will be how my wife and I go from Osborne to go downtown instead of driving all the way and fighting for parking."

Maybe in 20 years, you could leave The Forks and literally walk tens of kilometres along the Red or Assiniboine, and return by water taxi if it's getting too dark. In 30 years, who knows what advances in technology will allow.

But for now, Pagtakhan will settle for a parkette along the Red, just east of Waterfront Drive — a spot where Van Sewell has been coming for inspiration for almost 30 years. The artist calls it his "million-dollar view." The parkette will include a small landing on the Red complete with a dock launch, a path, sitting area and some lighting. Pagtakhan hopes the modest $40,000-to-$60,000 project will be completed by next summer.

It's not momentous, nor transformative. At least not in the big picture. But on a philosophical level, it's exactly what the city should strive for, Pagtakhan reasoned.

"There's so much history within our city with our river system," he said. "There's an ancient history, the aboriginal culture, the trading history. Water, it does something to your psyche. It's symbolic of life. We're born from water. The more we can honour our connection with rivers the better.

"Our city grew up around the rivers. It's part of our emotional health. The more we can draw Winnipeggers to the rivers, the better our city will become."

So what has Winnipeg lost in becoming estranged from its rivers? What has the city been missing?

It's the river, it should be a priorityJordan Van Sewell, Point Douglas resident

"We're missing The Forks on a good day," Van Sewell replied. "On a good day at The Forks you're thinking, 'Where the hell am I?' You're in Winnipeg. And it's as distinctive as City rye bread and Jeanne's cakes. You're at the confluence of the Red and Assiniboine, with all the historic wonderment (of the past).

"We could have all that all along the river. There's no reason we couldn't be doing that all the time... a palpable vibe that shows that civic leaders have considered and carefully thought this out, but executed it well. So that the people of Winnipeg are not only enjoying it, but they're thriving.

"It would put a mindset in that we're Winnipeg, and we're not trying to be anybody else. This is what we need to do to continue to be Winnipeg."

Finally, it should be noted Van Sewell isn't just an acclaimed artist, but president of Heritage Winnipeg. So maybe it's his spiritual connection with the Red. Or maybe Van Sewell just understands he won't be the first, or the last, to just stand on that riverbank and enjoy the view.

After all, 6,000 years is a long time. Long enough, perhaps, to make amends.

"It's the river, it should be a priority," he said. "It's a living organism that we're just here for a few years to enjoy. Why don't we make it a better place when we leave it? We're here as stewards.

"We have to look after it until the next people come along."

randy.turner@freepress.mb.ca

< Part II © Winnipeg Free Press Credits

Writer: Randy Turner

Multimedia and visuals: Tyler Walsh, Mikaela MacKenzie, Mike Deal
Digital design: Rob Rodgers
Production co-ordinator: Mike Deal
Art director: Leesa Dahl
Project editor: Scott Gibbons

Special thanks to Appachu Biddanda at Harv's Air, Tom Monteyne at Syverson Monteyne Architecture Inc., David Penner and StorefrontMB, and Nicolas Schraml.

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RiverCity 2050

Architects' role in shaping city's future

The concept was simple: Given the transformation stemming from The Forks in the last 30 years, how might Winnipeg's river system be re-imagined over the next three decades?

Working in conjunction with architect David Penner of StorefrontMB — an umbrella organization incorporating architects, engineers and designers — the Free Press, as part of The Rivers series, solicited proposals for waterfront projects called RiverCity2050.

There were no parameters but for imagination. After all, who can predict technological advances over the next 35 years?

Some of the proposals were modest and realistic. Some were more ambitious, even controversial.

The goal, however, was not to decide what could work and what couldn't, but to spark discussion of what might be possible.

The following are 10 separate submissions from firms and architecture students. They range from water buses on ice to turning the Red River into a whitewater rafting chute, but all have the same purpose: To help Winnipeggers re-engage with what many urban planners believe is the city's greatest untapped resource.

THE LINK

THE LINK is a floating structure on the river that promotes connectivity across communities and encourages year-round urban engagement with Winnipeg's rivers. The Assiniboine and Red rivers have been historically significant pathways, and the central meeting place for people across the prairies for thousands of years. The proposal aims to re-link the communities adjacent to the river with a five-kilometre path in the centre of the river between North Point Douglas and The Forks. This new path will be river-centric, bringing the activity from the city onto the river with a series of floating structures. The floating structures will be rotatable to allow for boat thoroughfare and flexible to promote interchangeable, multi-programming space.

For the floating structure, neighbourhood nodes for docking and infrastructure will be built in each community and existing public-park space as a place to get on and off the structure. These neighbourhood nodes will promote development within the communities and become new hubs of activity. The floating structure will be multi-programmed to promote both day and night activity. Potential programs include a cafe, music/theatre venue, monarch butterfly habitat, community gardens and an elevated park/plaza.

— Architecture students Zaid Bin Tanveer, Mamie Griffith, Maryam Haghshenasiari, and Jennifer Yablonowski.

Fresh Floating Food

"Fresh Floating Food" is a modular and pseudo-nomadic infrastructure of food-producing barges that bring fresh produce to the city's food deserts and life to the river. Barges link together in key locations to gather power and water from central hubs where they grow their food. When the produce is ready, the barges separate and travel to different parts of the city along the river — in the historic tradition of trade and transport of the rivers. The greenhouse barges then set-up temporary farmer's markets to sell their produce. Once their supply of produce has been sold, the barges will meander back along the river to the hub where they will restart the growing cycle. As the barges return to their hub, they will create new arrangements, creating an ever changing and dynamic landscape upon the river.

The barges link up to a main hub, which provides power and water to the hydroponic greenhouses by utilizing the flow of the river and the ample solar power. The station also provides a link between downtown and St. Boniface.

As the farm of linked barges grows, restaurants, researchers, and other groups will occupy barges and link in with their programs. Public plazas, parks, and urban garden barges will also link to create new civic spaces, pulling the urban fabric from the land onto the water.

During the summer and fall, the barges are free to float along the rivers, with potential to follow them outside of the city to bring produce to more rural communities. As winter approaches and the river freezes, the base of the barges will be inflated to allow them to be pulled across the ice by snowmobile and create new destinations along the frozen river trail. In the spring, the barges will avoid the ice-flow by docking along the river in spaces that serve a civic purpose the rest of the year.

— Architecture students Francis Garcia, Stefan Klassen, and Zach Nimchuk.

A Whitewater Raft Runs Through It

Why is it that come summer, the rivers of Winnipeg are largely vacant of water-based public activity?

This proposal begins as a reaction against the mass exodus to lakes and beaches beyond the city, and hopes to address the problems and negative perceptions that prevent the public from enjoying water recreation closer to home. It offers an alternative to recreational lake-culture, but one that is also unique and innovative in its own way.

The main issues that we identified as negatively impacting the use of the river are: lack of support infrastructure for activities, discouragement of pedestrian activity due to obstacles, excessively fast river current, and poor water quality/pollutants. To deal with these issues, the proposal is to split a section of the river between the Louise Bridge and the rail bridge further south, speeding up the narrower portion, and damming off the larger portion so that it can gradually be filled with clean, filtered water and made available for use by the public.

The project encompasses the reactivation of the formerly thriving marina at 312 Nairn Ave., as a water-sport and recreational hub, featuring an elongated boathouse that draws the street level directly out onto the water. This structure features a fully activated roof space with a restaurant, terraced seating cantilevered directly over the water, and a canoe and kayak station on the lower level. River water filtration will be dealt with through the diversion of a portion of the river flow through debris screens, a marshy retention area and a series of large filtering tanks. The marshy area around the filtration tanks is to become a habitat zone for river organisms that is partially accessible to the public through guided boat tours. The rapid movement of water through the narrowed river channel is imagined as a hybrid hydroelectric turbine array and whitewater-rafting course that will provide energy for adjacent communities, and offer an opportunity for Winnipeggers to put their rafting skills to the test.

— Architecture students Jon Ferreira, Mitchell McIntosh and Emeil Alvarez.

So you want to be a River City (SYWTBARC)?

Winnipeg has held the nickname "River City" for many years, so it's about time we earned it. The development of our city occurs almost in spite of the beautiful flowing waters we inherit this moniker from. So You Want To Be A River City? (SYWTBARC) proposes to blur the lines between river and city, channelling the water beyond its banks and bringing it closer to Winnipeggers so it can truly be a part of this city's culture.

Throughout the Netherlands, Italy and Japan, rivers are invited into cities where it is able to influence their culture in a positive way.

The confluence of the Assiniboine and Red rivers created an ideal location for settlers. The rivers acted as trade and transport routes as well as a resource for fishing and agriculture. Now, they are seldom traveled, as citizens turn to cars as a main mode of transportation.

Stephanie Sewell explains the creative process.

SYWTBARC aims to bring the rivers to the front lines as an alternative to paved city roads. Narrowing roads and making large, traversable cuts throughout the city to create man-made canals that bring the river deeper into adjacent neighbourhoods and urban areas can begin the transition from a car-oriented city to one with multiple, more active commuter options. In residential areas, "feeder" streets will be replaced with canals providing citizens with more access to the water. Existing backlane infrastructure will continue to handle vehicular traffic while Winnipeggers begin to form a more intimate relationship with the rivers, similar to how the first settlers of this city did.

These canals will offer opportunity for year-round transportation; linking boats to the main river ways in the spring, summer and fall, and snow routes for skates and skis during the winter. As the canals approach empty city lots, opportunities arise to transform these unused areas into urban beaches or water-level plazas.

— Architecture students Stephanie Sewell (front left) Tim Horton and Yao Yao Li.

The Winnipeg Waterfront Freeway

Winnipeg in 2050 will see rivers that are level-controlled. The Red River Floodway, for example, will have been redesigned to absorb its seasonal fluctuations, and the Assiniboine River will have its own floodway west of the city.

The rivers will also be cleaner. The health of Lake Winnipeg will have necessitated significant action related to the purification of not only waste water and storm water going into our rivers, but agricultural run-off as well. The government will have developed man-made wetlands strategically throughout the province.

Our vision is not new. The Winnipeg Freeway will stretch an existing network of casual cycling and pedestrian river-oriented paths into a serious and effective system that provides an uninterrupted core route for alternate transportation.

Drawing from the successes of the Seawall in Vancouver, the Pompidou Park in Paris, and London's Deckway, the Winnipeg Waterfront Freeway will weave along both sides of the Red and Assiniboine Rivers providing an exquisite view of the city and significant relief to traffic congestion. Using existing public parks and utility corridors for access points, it will connect to secondary systems of inland dedicated cycle ways. Private ownership of riverfront properties has been resolved by the introduction of a government-funded riverbank revetment program to stabilize the banks.

— David Penner Architecture.

Winnipeg Rivers Transportation

With the growing appreciation of the Red and Assiniboine rivers, Winnipeg has revitalized and developed the waterfronts into useable public spaces, trails and parks. Slowly becoming the longest natural river development, the riverfronts within the city limits will be a complete green corridor by the year 2055. The mass exodus of gas-powered vehicles has left the city to develop electric-powered public transportation. One such mode of transportation is the WRT, or Winnipeg Rivers Transportation, that utilizes the river as a main artery of public transportation. The newly developed buses transform with the seasons to transport citizens along the river lines.

In the warmer months, the buses act as high-speed hydrodynamic boats that glide over the river creating little wake. When the ice takes over the rivers, the busses are effortlessly transformed into high-speed ice crawlers that trek over the snow and ice. Terminals are located along the waterfront and become important programmatic nodes incorporated into the newly formed public spaces. These terminals are connected to the large overhaul of the electric powered transit lines that now occupy public streets. The WRT has become a vital mode of sustainable public transportation that activates the waterfront.

How it's done (in terms of technology), we don't know. That's how people should see it, as unattainable. But it boils down to what we need. What do you need on a human scale and how does it benefit the city as a whole?

— Aaron Pollock, U of M, masters of architecture student, design intern at NumberTEN Architectural Group.

Floating Gardens

The province and city have decided to consider riparian health as a top priority. Funding has been allocated for the separation of storm and sewer lines; wider greenways were also incorporated. Local farmers can now take advantage of this newly established space ample in sunshine, and clean nutrient-rich water. Quietly floating by, moored to docks and at time each other, the floating gardens are an edible, engaging experience in the city. At popular points along the river, these crafts assemble to create ad-hoc farmers markets where people can meander through the gardens and purchase vegetables. When enough of these floating gardens are present, its paths span the river and create ephemeral bridges, connecting the city. The largest of these gatherings happens at harvests in autumn and seed swapping events after the ice breaks and begins to flow. Urban river farms can be constructed by farmers using the proposed locally crafted octagonal modules. The solid elm rings are fitted with oak dowels, which tighten as they swell in the water. These 460mm-wide timbers act as sturdy pathways. Within the octagons are woven willow coracles, which contain nutrient rich silt, and slowly growing healthy food.

— Rachael Alpern and Anjali Talwar, an environmental engineer and architectural intern.

Shut the Flood Up!

"This was just crazy enough to intrigue people."

Such was the audacity behind "Shut the Flood Up!", which was originally proposed by the firm of Ager Little Architects for the Free Press competition Re-Imagining Winnipeg (and one of the inspirations for The Rivers project).

The proposal envisioned a drier Winnipeg where the floodgates are closed for good, the Red River diverted around the city and the riverbed temporarily vacant.

A dry riverbed would reveal approximately 1,500 acres of prime urban land and previously hidden topography. Shut the Flood Up! proposed a vision for Winnipeg that explores new connections and new opportunities for year-round public activity focused on intertwining neighbourhood identities and civic character.

Planning a place four times the size of Assiniboine Park allows for neighbourhood redevelopment with traditional and sculptural green space, controlled canals, rolling hills for toboganning, undulating recreation paths, and new energy for efficient housing. In cities like Vienna and Salzburg in Austria, Munich in Germany and Strasbourg and Paris in France, planning is devoted to ensuring the city stays lively year round. New civic space would feature festival plazas, controlled canals for skating or kayaking, boardwalks, clean lakes with urban beaches, ski trails and European-style markets.

"It's starting to take the magic you have at The Forks and stretching it out over 630 acres," said Gail Little.

"Triple Decker" Omand Park Bridge

Tom Monteyne's vision revolves around the concept, "The No. 1 thing lacking in this city is urbanity."

That is, designing a city to encourage active transportation and interaction between residents and the surrounding natural environment.

Syverson Monteyne Architecture Inc.'s proposal is a three-tiered bridge over Omands Creek, at the junction of the Assiniboine River. The area is already a popular biking/hiking destination and fishing spot.

"It's a beautiful little valley," Monteyne said, referring to one of the few natural slopes within city limits. "It's a classic condition."

The bowed bridge design is 10-feet wide. The top tier is at street level. The second tier is pedestrian only, while the bottom tier is a cluster of concrete slabs with flat tops, which could be traversed.

"It's very leisurely," Monteyne said. "It's like being a kid and creating a way to explore. I guess what we're trying to say is there's more than one way to cross a river, and more than one reason."

During spring flooding, the pedestrian level could be ankle deep, but still allow crossing. The second tier would also be enclosed by mesh, which would serve as a "strainer" for river water.

The use of telephone poles as posts is inspired by old railway trestle bridges.

"It's not that complicated," Monteyne said. "It isn't just about getting from A to B, but it gets you from A to B and it makes your life better, hopefully."

Under[used]

We value the bridges that stretch across the river of Winnipeg as a public asset that allows us transportation and connection throughout the city. Often devalued are the sheltered spaces formed below the infrastructure above. By 2050, we will turn our focus upside down to see the hidden potential of these leftover spaces, animating them with vibrant public space. The singular function of the bridge will be hybridized to offer new public amenities along the riverbank. Using the robust structure of the bridge and the natural systems of the river, these spaces will be transformed by the community with floating public pools, outdoor cinemas, art installations, hanging gardens, fishing platforms, habitable shelters, rock climbing walls, boat slips and floating agricultural fields.

"They're already public and it's infrastructure that's already there that offers us an opportunity to build off of it," Monica Hutton said.

There are 16 such spaces within city limits.

Added Tyler Loewen: “Our idea is to re-imagine the underside. It's also accessing the water and being on the water. That connection has been lost. These could become hubs to put even more people down there. And the idea it can also start small. It doesn't have to be all of these things at once."

— Architecture interns Monica Hutton and Tyler Loewen.

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