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This article was published 18/10/2013 (1400 days ago), so information in it may no longer be current.
Just hours after winning a coveted place on the UN Security Council for the first time, Saudi Arabia did a stunning about-face Friday and rejected the seat, denouncing the body for failing to resolve world conflicts such as the Syrian civil war.
The unprecedented move at the United Nations appeared largely directed at Saudi Arabia's longtime ally, the United States, reflecting more than two years of frustration.
The oil giant and the world's superpower are at odds over a number of Mideast issues, including how Washington has handled some of the region's crises, particularly in Egypt and Syria. It also comes as ties between the U.S. and Iran, the Saudis' regional foe, appear to be improving somewhat.
The Saudis were displeased the U.S. backed off threats of military strikes against Syria in response to its alleged use of chemical weapons. In Egypt, Washington has been critical of the military after it toppled president Mohammed Morsi while Saudi Arabia has strongly backed the coup, giving billions of dollars to the new army-backed government.
Saudi Arabia's reversal surprised UN diplomats and officials who had just welcomed the kingdom to a two-year term on the UN's most powerful body for the first time. Several noted the Saudis were lobbying for support right up until the vote.
Britain, Pakistan and other countries said they wanted explanations, particularly as Saudi Arabia's UN ambassador, Abdallah Al-Mouallimi, told reporters after Thursday's vote his government took the election "very seriously" and saw it as "a reflection of a long-standing policy in support of moderation and in support of resolving disputes by peaceful means."
Al-Mouallimi's comments stood in sharp contrast to the strident tone of Friday's Saudi Foreign Ministry statement, which accused the Security Council of failing on multiple fronts in the Middle East, especially in ending the Syrian conflict but also in failing to resolve the Palestinian-Israeli conflict and rid the region of weapons of mass destruction.
"They should have thought of that before competing for the seat," said Guatemala's UN ambassador, Gert Rosenthal.
Several diplomats were asking each other whether there was a split in the leadership of Saudi Arabia, where King Abdullah has the final word.
The Saudi statement was especially critical of the Security Council's "inability to perform its duties" to end the 21/2-year conflict in Syria, saying this has enabled President Bashar Assad's regime "to kill its people and burn them with chemical weapons in front of the entire world and without any deterrent or punishment." The Syrian regime denies using chemical weapons.
Saudi Arabia backs the rebels fighting to overthrow Assad in a war that has killed some 100,000 people since early 2011.
The Saudis and other Sunni Arab governments are eager to counter their regional rival, Iran, which has strongly thrown its weight behind Assad.
Saudi Arabia is a founding member of the United Nations, joining on Oct. 24, 1945, the day the UN Charter was unanimously adopted in San Francisco.
It kept a low profile for decades but in recent years has become much more active at the UN, seeking and winning seats on the Human Rights Council and other bodies.
UN spokesman Martin Nesirky, asked whether the Saudi rejection of the seat was unprecedented, said: "As far as we are aware, there isn't another case like it."
Secretary-General Ban Ki-moon told reporters he had not received any official notification about the Saudi rejection and said member states are holding discussions on how to deal with the Saudi move.
-- The Associated Press