Arts & Life
Canstar Community News
Hey there, time traveller!
This article was published 10/6/2019 (425 days ago), so information in it may no longer be current.
Growing up in the 1960s my friends and I would make toy rafts to float in a nearby ditch.
Flowing water was a novelty. Natural creeks had long since been replaced by ditches as the prairie was first farmed, then urbanized.
Wanting to know more about the natural world, I studied physical geography and biology at university. I learned how man-made waterways (ditches, drains, and canals) differ from natural waterways. Unlike man-made channels that follow straight lines, natural water systems form tree-like patterns. To understand and study the pattern, geographers assign an order number (zero to 12) to each stretch of waterway.
Picture the river as a tree that is lying on the ground.
Swales (zero-order) are low-lying channels that hold water for a short time after each rain. Most of the water soaks into the ground. Swales and their associated wetlands are the leaves of our tree.
Brooks (first-order) carry excess water from the swales downstream. Brooks are small enough to step over. They are the twigs.
Creeks (second-order) are created when two brooks join together. Creeks are too big to step over but they can be jumped. They are the small branches.
Low order waterways (zero, first, and second) are called headwaters. They account for at least 80 per cent of the length of waterways. These nameless swales, wetlands, brooks, and creeks are largely unmapped, underappreciated, and unprotected.
Streams (third-order) are created when two creeks join together. Streams are too wide to jump but are shallow enough to wade across. They are the large branches and often warrant names. Sometimes the terms "creek" and "stream" are reversed. Winnipeg’s Sturgeon Creek, Truro Creek, Omand’s Creek, and Bunn’s Creek are large enough to be streams but we call them creeks.
Rivers (fourth- to 12th-order) are too deep to wade. Crossing rivers requires swimming or a boat. Rivers are the trunk of our tree.
Based on stream order, Winnipeg’s Seine River is a river — but only a small one. In the spring, it is too deep to wade and too fast-moving to swim. By summer, the Seine appears shallow enough to wade across but even this is not recommended. The wide mudflats, soft, muddy bottom, and slippery rocks make wading treacherous. Although long-time residents recall swimming the river when they were young, this is not advisable because of pollution.
It is best to enjoy the river from the shore, a canoe, or kayak.
Michele Kading is a community correspondent for St. Vital and the executive director of Save Our Seine.
St. Vital community correspondent
Michele Kading is a community correspondent for St. Vital.
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