Into the wild

Novelist's latest offering a riveting fictional account of missionaries' plight


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In 1955, five American missionary couples set out to evangelize the Waorani, an Indigenous people group of the Ecuadorian rainforest that had never had contact with the outside world. They dubbed their mission “Operation Auca.”

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Hey there, time traveller!
This article was published 07/09/2019 (1066 days ago), so information in it may no longer be current.

In 1955, five American missionary couples set out to evangelize the Waorani, an Indigenous people group of the Ecuadorian rainforest that had never had contact with the outside world. They dubbed their mission “Operation Auca.”

After a few months of airdropping gifts, the five men — Jim Elliot, Peter Fleming, Nate Saint, Ed McCully and Roger Youderian — opted to set up camp on a beach near a Waorani settlement. Just a few days later, they were all speared to death. Thanks to the swift arrival of a Life magazine photographer, the brutal conclusion to Operation Auca became global news.

In her new novel, Five Wives, Winnipeg writer Joan Thomas tells this story again.

Ecuador is the primary setting of Winnipeg author Joan Thomas’s new novel. (Esther de Jong / The Associated Press files)

“In the missionaries’ memoirs, ‘God’s leading’ explains almost every impulse,” Thomas writes in a postscript. “I set out to peer behind that, to explore in human terms actions that astonished me.”

Because Thomas was reluctant to discuss people still living, Five Wives treats the original generation — Jim and Elizabeth Elliot et al. — fictionally, meaning the novel remains faithful to facts and timelines, while imagining these individuals’ interiority and motivations. Subsequent generations are entirely fictionalized.

In choosing to tell this story, Thomas signed up for weighty material. Five Wives is not an exposé (though Thomas certainly did her research), but it does take a critical point of view. Not for nothing has this novel been compared to Barbara Kingsolver’s The Poisonwood Bible. From the outset, Thomas risks alienating any among her audience who have Christian roots, because the story of Nate Saint, Jim Elliot and the others is beloved by evangelicals, and Thomas has no interest in further romanticizing it.

Thomas imagines what it would have been like for the missionaries’ widows in the field, forced to put on a brave face for their children. (Bruce Thomas Barr photo)

It’s a sad, sad story from any point of view, both for the horror of the murders and the effects foreign interests had on Ecuador. It’s a fact, for example, that missionaries helped usher the oil industry into Ecuador and played a direct hand in Waorani disenfranchisement. Missionaries were instrumental in preserving Waorani language but also, early on, in cementing the Waorani’s global reputation as cultureless “savages” (“Auca” is actually a misnomer for “Waorani,” meaning “savages”). Following contact, many of the Waorani were wiped out by viruses against which they had no immunity. Today, they are only beginning to regain a political voice.

It’s not a Waorani voice that Thomas takes up in Five Wives, but those of the women left behind after that terrible day on the beach.

They are Elizabeth Elliot, Olive Fleming, Marjorie Saint, Rachel Saint (Nate’s sister), Marilou McCully and Barb Youderian. Some of them are newly married when they arrive in Ecuador, some have little children and some are opposed to the mission from the start. In the days after their husbands are murdered, all of them stick to the story that the deaths aren’t a tragedy but rather an opportunity for God to expand “His” work in Ecuador.

Thomas imagines, with great effect, how it would feel to be widowed on the mission field, forced to continue making sandwiches for the children while turning a brave, believing face to the world.

“I don’t want you to think I’m questioning God,” a distraught Marjorie tells the Life photographer when her control breaks.

Contemporary chapters are narrated by Saint’s fictional son, David, as well as a granddaughter named Abby. With such a large cast of characters, the narration in Five Wives is occasionally spread too thin, and some intriguing narrators — like Olive Fleming — are left by the wayside. Sections in which 19-year-old Abby wrestles with her family’s legacy are especially poignant; her earnestness calls to mind characters Thomas has written before (Lily in 2008’s Reading by Lightning and Sylvie in 2014’s The Opening Sky). Abby’s questions serve as a corrective to the other characters’ fervour, and Five Wives could have stood more of them.

The Associated Press files In this 1956 photo, American missionary Nate Saint, wearing a hat, poses with his daughter, Kathy (left), son Steve, and wife, Marjorie, just days before Nate was killed. In her novel, Thomas creates a fictional son for Saint, David, who narrates the contemporary sections of her book.

But such is Thomas’s skill that she also finds nuance in the fervour, as when the widowed Elizabeth Elliot meditates on the significance of being chosen as Jim’s partner in life and in missions: “She felt the deep gladness of this, and also its weight. It was of a scale too big to be reckoned up, his martyrdom and God’s purposes. Consciously or unconsciously, she had followed Jim into mystery.”

Five Wives is an engrossing, thoughtful read, and a fresh testament to Thomas’s narrative powers — and her ability to locate a human pulse under the often-deafening drumbeats of religious and cultural tradition.

Julienne Isaacs is a Winnipeg writer.

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