Province takes step back from proposed post-secondary funding formula
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The provincial government is pausing plans to roll out a controversial new funding formula for universities and colleges that would require metrics — for instance, specific graduation rates and other achievement benchmarks — be met in exchange for dollars.
Manitoba has long-funded post-secondary institutes with annual block grants. In recent years, however, the Progressive Conservatives have set their sights on Tennessee’s performance-based funding model.
The proposed formula, which is popular across the United States, has been met with widespread criticism from local school leaders, faculty associations and student groups.
“We need to take a bit of a step back, look at those institutions and say: ‘What is going to keep them going right now?’” Premier Heather Stefanson told reporters Tuesday, following the release of a throne speech that made no mention of metric-based funding.
“I’m always in favour of performance measures, but I think, through COVID, as we’ve come through COVID, there’s been some challenges (for schools).”
Advanced Education Minister Jon Reyes will continue to meet with stakeholders to figure out what is best for the sector and work towards tailoring programs to better meet labour market needs, according to the premier.
The throne speech touted collaboration between schools and businesses, addressed the growing importance of offering micro credentials, and indicated the province is “considering all post-secondary program proposals that will help address labour shortages and foster economic growth.”
It also states the government is taking a “close look” at ensuring equitable funding across institutions.
Since the spring, the advanced education department has been seeking feedback on the province’s so-called post-secondary accountability framework. The framework was born in response to a 2017 KPMG review and the auditor general’s 2020 report, both of which criticize the government’s limited oversight of post-secondary institutions.
The Manitoba Organization of Faculty Association has been one of the most vocal critics of the Tories’ plan to reform how it pays for higher education, citing existing accountability mechanisms that academics claim are underutilized by the province.
Among its examples, the association’s leaders have repeatedly cited the province’s powers to appoint the majority of the board of governors — the body that oversees school finances — at the University of Manitoba.
“I think it’s become clear, as people have learned more about the Tennessee model, that it’s not a good choice,” said Michael Shaw, a senior instructor of biology at the U of M who is a member of the MOFA executive.
“All it is is a disguise so that governments who want to reduce their funding have an excuse and mechanism to do so.”
Shaw indicated there is oversight built into boards of governors, transfers between institutions and the province, and frequent correspondence between the partners. He expressed relief after the premier confirmed plans to “step back” from a radical funding formula change Tuesday.
“For now, students will be very relieved to hear about (Stefanson’s remarks), but I’m not going to say completely happy because stepping back doesn’t mean we are cancelling something. Stepping back means we are pausing, we are trying to think, we are trying to discuss,” said Marie Paule Ehoussou, chairwoman of the Canadian Federation of Students chapter in Manitoba.
Ehoussou said student groups are united in their opposition to performance-based funding because the model could allow the province to favour certain higher-education programs over others based on employment outcomes and as a result, arts and humanities programming may suffer.
Before it was dissolved in 2015, the Council on Post-Secondary Education oversaw post-secondary operations as an arm’s length agency of the government. The now-defunct council compiled student demographics, funding sources and other university and college statistics in its annual reports.
— with files from Carol Sanders and Danielle Da Silva