At a time when other jurisdictions are finding ways to invest in post-secondary education and health care, the Manitoba government is doing the opposite, effectively putting higher education out of reach for those who need it most.
Manitoba raised the cap on post-secondary tuition increases to five per cent plus inflation — as a result, students across the province are seeing tuition increases of upwards of 6.6 per cent this September — and public funding for post-secondary education is shrinking, with students subsidizing more of the cost. It’s truly disappointing to see this government’s lack of awareness toward the value of post-secondary education and what it can do to give Manitobans a better future.
Affordable and accessible education is a sound investment and priority for economic development. The training and professionalization of our future workers are what will keep our province’s economy dynamic and competitive for generations to come. By keeping the cost of education relatively low, we provide an incentive for young people to stay in Manitoba and grow our population and economy.
However, the tuition rebate for students who study and remain in Manitoba was one of the first incentives chopped by the Progressive Conservative government when it took power, and the $52-million cut was not reinvested in post-secondary education. The Manitoba government, when faced with this criticism, points out it has put money into the Manitoba scholarship and bursary initiative.
The initiative is limited financial aid, non-repayable grants, scholarships and bursaries, to help some students offset the cost of tuition. But for most, it changes nothing — only 21 per cent of Manitoba university and college students access those programs, and many not based on economic need. Moreover, some of these funds go unclaimed. This is a Band-Aid response.
Manitoba’s relatively affordable tuition was not only a benefit to Manitobans, but it also served to attract thousands of students from all around the world. The economic, cultural and social contributions of international students must not go unappreciated. Indeed, the government seems to acknowledge these benefits in theory; Education and Training Minister Kelvin Goertzen recently declared 2019 the Year of International Education in Manitoba.
Yet 2018 surely was not a year for international students — last March was when the government suddenly clawed back public health care for international students without prior consultation. The $3.1 million saved by this elimination seems petty, considering that a recent news release from Goertzen put international students’ annual contribution to the local economy at more than $400 million.
Consistently, the Canadian Federation of Students hears the same story on the ground: international students chose to come to Manitoba because tuition was relatively low and made even more affordable through incentives such as having health care included. For those who arrived recently, tuition fees will nearly double. For example, an international student at Brandon University is paying $11,426.07 this year for tuition (more than three times what a domestic student pays) and, by the end of a four-year degree, this will increase to $20,105.91 annually. This, combined with the sudden loss of public health care, feels like a betrayal.
Canadians consistently applaud themselves for public health care in contrast to our neighbours to the south. No one should have to choose between seeking medical attention and going further in debt. However, this is not the first time the Manitoba government’s commitment to accessible public health care has been eroded — witness the closure of emergency and urgent care services, with more on the way.
In a recent meeting with Goertzen, student leaders were offered a folksy anecdote about how "back in the day" his tuition was paid for by working a summer job. Statements like these make it quite evident that this government’s understanding of issues faced by students in 2019 is limited. Funding one’s studies through seasonal employment may have been possible prior to 1992, when drastic funding cuts to Canadian universities led to a quadrupling of tuition across the country over the following two decades.
These substantially higher tuition fees, combined with the ever increasing cost of living in urban centres, make supporting oneself through summer employment a ludicrous suggestion. Most students today work all year long, sometimes numerous jobs, and still struggle to afford their tuition, textbooks, course fees and all of the other necessities of life.
The average student debt upon graduation in Canada is $26,000, according to Statistics Canada. Goertzen had the luxury of avoiding going into debt to get his degree, but anecdotes such as these are of little comfort to those of us today who will live the next decade in the red thanks in part to the actions of this provincial government.
History will judge the provincial government for its lack of vision for post-secondary education in Manitoba. Students and civil society will organize in response. Our governments should recall the 2012 Quebec student strikes — they didn’t start overnight; they started after years of attacks on public universities and led to the defeat of the austerity-driven Quebec government at the time.
There is still time for Manitoba’s government to rethink its approach to the critical issue of post-secondary education.
Education is a central societal pillar that has long-term benefits. It’s now more important than ever for us to maintain the vision of a society that prioritizes investing in the success of our youth. By neglecting our post-secondary institutions, the provincial government is neglecting the future, choosing instead to score short-term political points through balancing the budget and reducing taxes on the backs of those trying to succeed in today’s competitive labour market.
Dele Ojewole is the Manitoba chairperson for the Canadian Federation of Students-Manitoba, a democratic non-profit organization uniting more than 45,000 post-secondary students in the province.