IN the aftermath of the Jan. 6, 2021, uprising at the United States Capitol building, the Republican Party faced a crucial moral test: whether to reject the baseless conspiracy theory that the 2020 general election had been stolen from Donald Trump or to embrace that dangerous falsehood as official party dogma.
After gauging the political winds, the Republican Party cynically chose to embrace the falsehood, going so far as to ostracize party members who upheld the truth. In doing so, the GOP solidified its mutation from a political party to a political cult.
After two years of acknowledging the dangers of COVID-19, something eerily similar has happened with public health policy across the western world.
Live with it
Federal and municipal governments in North America, Europe and Australia have begun lifting basic protections such as vaccine and mask mandates, winding down public testing, ending contact tracing and withholding critical public-health data, including case counts, hospitalization numbers, wastewater results and even the size of local outbreaks. Pandemic management has been transformed from a public-health problem to an individual one.
The now-quaint 2020 slogan Were all in this together has since been replaced with the dire prescription Assess your own risk. Political leaders have reversed course, urging their constituents to learn to live with COVID.
The dismantling of pandemic infrastructure, however, suggests those constituents must instead learn to live as if COVID-19 no longer exists. By removing basic protections that enabled us to survive the pandemic for the last two years, public health policy has effectively been rewritten in light of the desires, demands and delusions of anti-maskers, anti-vaxxers and COVID-19 denialists.
Fiction vs. reality
Western politicians and public-health officials have managed to craft a fictional universe in which we have reached endemicity, where infection is now mild and getting milder by the variant, where COVID-19 is like the flu, where mass infection builds a wall of immunity and where voluntary vaccination alone is our ticket out of the pandemic.
This sunny picture has numerous problems.
Second, the glib talk of mild infection overlooks COVID-19s frightening vascular and neurological effects. Those infected by it are at increased risk of serious heart complications, including inflammation, acute coronary artery disease and cardiac arrest. Even mild cases can lead to changes in brain structure.
According to one recent meta-analysis, 43 per cent of COVID-19 survivors experienced symptoms of whats known as long COVID, signalling a coming nightmare for public health, the economy and education.
For a supposedly mild disease, COVID-19 notably led to hospital collapse in both the United Kingdom and Canada in April 2022.
Theres a vast chasm between the COVID-19 fictions of politicians and the realities of hospital wards and long-COVID clinics. The downplaying, dismissal and denial of these realities amount to public gaslighting, a reckless political manoeuvre with unsettling implications for the future of western democracies.
A functioning democracy requires some common ground upon which its citizens can agree. COVID-19 gaslighting erodes that common ground. It erodes trust in government and public health, as well as institutions, such as school boards, that follow their cue.
It undermines the public authority of medicine and biomedical science to guide us through the pandemic. Just as climate change has been subjected to both-sidesism, we now increasingly hear about both sides of COVID-19. When politicians encourage us to move on, COVID denialism becomes a respectable opinion.
This is the unfortunate consequence of a market-driven society in which truth is just one more commodity, where the line between citizenship and consumerism is dissolved and where many feel entitled to cancel election results and the pandemic alike just as they would an order from Amazon.
Erosion of trust
Perhaps most tragically, COVID-19 gaslighting erodes our trust in each other. It feeds our mutual suspicion, paranoia, hostility and division. When infection risk is intrinsically social, the promotion of noxious ideological concepts such as individual choice and assessing your own risk only encourages us to blame each other in the event of an outbreak.
Public health policy modelled on The Hunger Games is a recipe for confusion and chaos.
COVID-19 gaslighting will only deepen our existing social divisions and exacerbate our culture wars, further eroding our already fragile democracies. As SARS-CoV-2 continues to evolve, surprise, disappoint and frustrate us at every turn, COVID-19 gaslighting will drive citizens deeper into isolated and self-enclosed silos, online and off-line.
It will further encourage the violent trolling of health-care workers and scientists, and feed dangerously reactionary politics. Extremism is the only possible beneficiary of this erosion of public trust.
Jason Hannan is an associate professor of rhetoric and communications at the University of Winnipeg.
This article was first published at The Conversation Canada: theconversation.com/ca.